Ulrike Stein

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We identified a previously undescribed gene associated with colon cancer by genome-wide expression analysis in primary and metastatic carcinomas: metastasis-associated in colon cancer-1, MACC1. MACC1 expression in tumor specimens is an independent prognostic indicator of metastasis formation and metastasis-free survival. We show that the gene encoding the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway is frequently observed in colorectal cancers. Our aim was to elucidate the impact of gain-of-function beta-catenin on the metastasis-associated gene S100A4 in human colon cancer cell lines and tumors. METHODS We analyzed cell lines heterozygous for gain-of-function and wild-type beta-catenin,(More)
Expression of the Y-box protein YB-1 is increased in proliferating normal and cancer cells, but its role in cell proliferation and cell cycle progression is unclear. We have identified a cell cycle-dependent relocalization of YB-1 from the cytoplasm to the nucleus at the G1/S phase transition and demonstrate that both the charged zipper and the cold shock(More)
The activation of the RET signaling pathway during embryogenesis is a crucial prerequisite for a directional migration of enteric nervous system progenitor cells. Loss-of-function germline mutations of the RET proto-oncogene are reported in familial and sporadic cases of Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) with a variable frequency. Furthermore, variants of several(More)
Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was used to screen 54 advanced colon carcinomas, i.e., 24 primary tumors and 30 metastases, for chromosomal alterations. Using a sensitive statistical method for the determination of DNA imbalances and histograms for analysis of the incidence of changes, we identified the DNA over-representation of chromosome 20q as(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cancer cells that express P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), or lung resistance protein (LRP) have demonstrated resistance to a wide variety of chemotherapeutic drugs. Recently, we reported that human colon carcinoma cells that express all three proteins exhibit reduced P-glycoprotein gene expression and a(More)
Early detection of tumors and metastases is critical for improving treatment strategies and patient outcomes. The development of molecular markers and simple tests that are clinically applicable for detection, prognostication, and therapy monitoring is strongly needed. The gene S100A4 has long been known to act as a metastasis inducer. High S100A4 levels in(More)
Colon cancer is still the second most frequent malignancy in the Western world. Despite major efforts in diagnosis and treatment it is one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths. The metastatic dissemination of primary tumors is directly linked to patient's survival and accounts for about 90% of all colon cancer deaths. Current clinical predictions(More)
Genotoxic stress leads to nuclear translocation of the Y-box transcription factor YB-1 and enhanced expression of the multidrug resistance gene MDR1. Because hyperthermia is used for the treatment of colon cancer in combination with chemoradiotherapy, we investigated the influence of hyperthermia on YB-1 activity and the expression of multidrug(More)
The efficient delivery of therapeutic genes and appropriate gene expression are the crucial issues for clinically relevant gene therapy. Viruses are naturally evolved vehicles which efficiently transfer their genes into host cells. This ability made them desirable for engineering virus vector systems for the delivery of therapeutic genes. The viral vectors(More)