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Dysfunction in Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM), a central component of the DNA repair machinery, results in Ataxia Telangiectasia (AT), a cancer-prone disease with a variety of inflammatory manifestations. By analyzing AT patient samples and Atm(-/-) mice, we found that unrepaired DNA lesions induce type I interferons (IFNs), resulting in enhanced(More)
BACKGROUND Raloxifene (RX), a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), has demonstrated hypolipidemic and in vitro antioxidant properties. In the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is implicated to play a crucial role. METHODS In this study, we investigated the antioxidant properties of RX(More)
AIMS To examine the effect of 24 weeks' rosuvastatin treatment on oxidative stress and changes in immune response to oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL). METHODS This was an open-label study of patients in Austria receiving 10 or 40 mg rosuvastatin daily alternately during 12 and 24 weeks. Circulating concentrations of antibodies to(More)
Tristetraprolin (TTP) is a prototypic family member of CCCH-type tandem zinc-finger domain proteins that regulate mRNA destabilization in eukaryotic cells. TTP binds to AU-rich elements (AREs) in the 3'-untranslated region of certain mRNAs, including tumor necrosis factor alpha, granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and immediate early response(More)
Our study was designed to test and compare the levels of enzymatic antioxidants (ARS), endogenous peroxides (POX), non-enzymatic antioxidants (Antiox-cap) and anti-oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) antibody titers (oLAb) in hyperthyroid and hypothyroid patients. We measured POX, ARS, Antiox-cap and oLAb in the plasma from 68 patients (34 patients with(More)
Rho GTPases regulate diverse cellular functions including adhesion, cytokinesis and motility, as well as the activity of the transcription factors NF-kappaB, serum response factor and C/EBP. alpha-Catulin, an alpha-catenin-related protein that shares structural similarities with cytoskeletal linker proteins, facilitates Rho signalling by serving as a(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappaB is transiently activated by a wide variety of stress signals, including pro-inflammatory mediators, and regulates the expression of genes with e.g., immune, inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic functions. The strength and kinetics of its induction, as well as its ultimate down-regulation is subject to multiple levels of(More)
XIAP is known as a potent inhibitor of apoptosis, but in addition is involved in cellular signalling, including the NFkappaB, JNK and TGFbeta pathways. Our search for XIAP-interacting partners led us to Siva1, a proapoptotic protein that is known to play a role in T-cell apoptosis through a caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathway. The interaction sites(More)
Acute versus chronic inflammation is controlled by the accurate activation and regulation of interdependent signaling cascades. TNF-receptor 1 engagement concomitantly activates NF-κB and JNK signaling. The correctly timed activation of these pathways is the key to account for the balance between NF-κB-mediated cell survival and cell death, the latter(More)
XIAP (X chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis) is a member of the anti-apoptotic IAP gene family and an inhibitor of caspase-3. We show here that loss of XIAP renders cells highly sensitive to oxidative stress. Stimulation of XIAP(-/-) MEF with hydrogen peroxide, or other agents that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) results in increased apoptosis(More)