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BACKGROUND Itch is a major symptom of allergic skin disease. Acupuncture has been shown to exhibit a significant effect on histamine-induced itch in healthy volunteers. We investigated the effect of acupuncture on type I hypersensitivity itch and skin reaction in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. METHODS An allergen stimulus(More)
The pathogenesis of acute and chronic (> 6 weeks duration) pruritus is complex and involves in the skin a network of resident cells (e. g., mast cells, keratinocytes, sensory neurons) and transient inflammatory cells (e. g., eosinophils). Though pruritus and pain show overlapping mechanisms, recent studies have provided evidence that pruritus and pain(More)
Urticaria is a group of diseases that share a distinct skin reaction pattern. Triggering of urticaria by infections has been discussed for many years but the exact role and pathogenesis of mast cell activation by infectious processes is unclear. In spontaneous acute urticaria there is no doubt for a causal relationship to infections and all chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the pivotal role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been described in allergic asthma. However, the role of this neurotrophin in atopic dermatitis (AD) still remains unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the functional role of BDNF on eosinophils and to assess BDNF levels in patients with AD and(More)
An autoimmune subset of chronic spontaneous urticaria is increasingly being recognized internationally, based on laboratory and clinical evidence that has accrued over the last 20 years. This evidence has been reviewed by a taskforce of the Dermatology section of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Functional autoantibodies in chronic(More)
Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is a neuropeptide controlling melanogenesis in pigmentary cells. In addition, its potent immunomodulatory and immunosuppressive activity has been recently described in cutaneous inflammatory disorders. Whether alpha-MSH is also produced in the lung and might play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic pruritus is a frequently occurring symptom of various dermatoses that causes a high burden and impaired quality of life. An effective anti pruritic therapy is important for the patient, but its effectiveness is difficult to evaluate. Diverse methods and interpretations of pruritic metrics are utilized in clinical trials and the daily(More)
The care of patients with chronic pruritus as a symptom of a wide variety of underlying diseases continues to confront dermatologists with diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. However, a structured history and a physical examination may already substantially help in narrowing down the number of potential differential diagnoses. Apart form reducing the(More)