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In less than half a century, allergy, originally perceived as a rare disease, has become a major public health threat, today affecting the lives of more than 60 million people in Europe, and probably close to one billion worldwide, thereby heavily impacting the budgets of public health systems. More disturbingly, its prevalence and impact are on the rise, a(More)
BACKGROUND Contact allergy to dental materials is poorly understood; clinical manifestations are heterogeneous. OBJECTIVE To analyse positive patch test reactions to metals (as their alloys or salts) used in dentistry together with clinical symptoms and possible relevance to dental fillings. METHODS We retrospectively analysed 206 patients who underwent(More)
An autoimmune subset of chronic spontaneous urticaria is increasingly being recognized internationally, based on laboratory and clinical evidence that has accrued over the last 20 years. This evidence has been reviewed by a taskforce of the Dermatology section of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Functional autoantibodies in chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Itch is a major symptom of allergic skin disease. Acupuncture has been shown to exhibit a significant effect on histamine-induced itch in healthy volunteers. We investigated the effect of acupuncture on type I hypersensitivity itch and skin reaction in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. METHODS An allergen stimulus(More)
The allergic early-phase reaction, a hallmark of allergic bronchial asthma, is caused by allergen and immunoglobulin E-dependent mediator release from mast cells. It was previously shown that nerve growth factor (NGF) contributes to acute airway inflammation. This study further investigates the role of NGF in the allergic early-phase reaction using a(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the pivotal role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been described in allergic asthma. However, the role of this neurotrophin in atopic dermatitis (AD) still remains unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the functional role of BDNF on eosinophils and to assess BDNF levels in patients with AD and(More)
  • U Raap, A Kapp
  • Giornale italiano di dermatologia e venereologia…
  • 2010
Understanding the complex mechanism of allergic inflammatory skin diseases has been a main challenge of clinical and experimental research for years. It is well known that the inflammatory response is also controlled by tissue resident cells including neurons and structural cells. Thus, allergic inflammation triggers neuronal dysfunction and structural(More)
The pathogenesis of acute and chronic (> 6 weeks duration) pruritus is complex and involves in the skin a network of resident cells (e. g., mast cells, keratinocytes, sensory neurons) and transient inflammatory cells (e. g., eosinophils). Though pruritus and pain show overlapping mechanisms, recent studies have provided evidence that pruritus and pain(More)
Bronchial asthma represents a severe chronic inflammatory disease with increasing prevalence. The pathogenesis is characterized by complex neuroimmune dysregulation. Although the immunopathogenesis of the disease has been extensively studied, the nature of neuronal dysfunction still remains poorly understood. Recent data indicate that neurotrophins(More)