Ulrike Pilsl

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BACKGROUND The human face contains numerous subcutaneous compartments of fatty tissue, but neither a chin compartment nor a submental compartment have been described. Definitions of the jowl compartment vary considerably. OBJECTIVES To investigate the borders between the subcutaneous fat compartments of the chin, submental region, and jowls. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND The fatty tissue of the face is divided into compartments. The structures delimiting these compartments help shape the face, are involved in aging, and are encountered during surgical procedures. OBJECTIVE To study the border between the lateral-temporal and the middle cheek fat compartments of the face. METHODS & MATERIALS We studied 40(More)
BACKGROUND A four-layer fat structure is found in the anterior cheek region. The deepest of these fat layers is the premaxillary fat. OBJECTIVE To determine whether the premaxillary fat is located in a closed compartment and whether injection of substances affects the appearance of the face. METHODS & MATERIALS Filler or arterial mass (0.5-0.8 mL) after(More)
BACKGROUND Precise and accurate field methods for body composition analyses in athletes are needed urgently. AIM Standardisation of a novel ultrasound (US) technique for accurate and reliable measurement of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). METHODS Three observers captured US images of uncompressed SAT in 12 athletes and applied a semiautomatic(More)
As the vascular endothelium has multiple functions, including regulation of vascular tone, it may play a role in the pathophysiology of orthostatic intolerance. We investigated the effect of orthostasis on endothelial function using EndoPAT®, a non-invasive and user-independent method, and across gender. As sex steroid hormones are known to affect(More)
BACKGROUND The first biomechanical evaluation of new implants is usually carried out with cadavers. Fixation of Thiel-embalmed cadavers is supposed to preserve the histological structure, colour and consistency of the tissue and has a low risk of infection and toxicity. However, the biomechanical properties of Thiel-fixated tissue are still unknown. The aim(More)
BACKGROUND The blood supply to the external nose is poorly described. The aim of this study was to identify the different types of blood supply to the external nose and the course of the arteries in relation to the nasolabial fold and groove and to the facial muscles. METHODS With 96 facial halves of 48 adult specimens, the arteries of the outer nose were(More)
BACKGROUND The facial artery is said to be the main vessel for the blood supply of the anterior face. However, its course is quite often not as described in the textbooks. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to find out the different courses of the facial artery, its anastomoses, and its position in relation to the fat compartments of the face. (More)
Recent theories about migraine pathogenesis have emphatized the role of the trigeminal system in the pathogenesis of migraine attacks. The local vasodilatation of intracranial extracerebral blood vessels and the consequent stimulation of surrounding trigeminal sensory nerve pain pathways are proposed to be the key mechanisms underlying the generation of(More)
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