Ulrike Obst-Sander

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Fluorinated compounds are synthesized in pharmaceutical research on a routine basis and many marketed compounds contain fluorine. The present review summarizes some of the most frequently employed strategies for using fluorine substituents in medicinal chemistry. Quite often, fluorine is introduced to improve the metabolic stability by blocking(More)
The discovery of a highly potent and selective tissue factor/factor VIIa inhibitor is described. Upon oral administration of its double prodrug in the guinea pig, a dose-dependent antithrombotic effect is observed in an established model of arterial thrombosis without prolonging bleeding time. The pharmacodynamic properties of this selective inhibitor are(More)
Two series of tricyclic inhibitors of the serine protease thrombin, imides (+/-)-1-(+/-)-8 and lactams (+/-)-9-(+/-)-13, were analysed to evaluate contributions of orthogonal multipolar interactions with the backbone C=O moiety of Asn98 to the free enthalpy of protein-ligand complexation. The lactam derivatives are much more potent and more selective(More)
In a systematic fluorine scan of a rigid inhibitor to map the fluorophilicity/fluorophobicity of the active site in thrombin, one or more F substituents were introduced into the benzyl ring reaching into the D pocket. The 4-fluorobenzyl inhibitor showed a five to tenfold higher affinity than ligands with other fluorination patterns. X-ray crystal-structure(More)
In the completion of our fluorine scan of tricyclic inhibitors to map the fluorophilicity/fluorophobicity of the thrombin active site, a series of 11 new ligands featuring alkyl, alkenyl, and fluoroalkyl groups was prepared to explore fluorine effects on binding into the hydrophobic proximal (P) pocket, lined by Tyr 60A and Trp 60D, His 57, and Leu 99. The(More)
The H-atoms of the phenylamidinium needle of tricyclic thrombin inhibitors, which interacts with Asp189 at the bottom of the selectivity pocket S1 of the enzyme, were systematically exchanged with F-atoms in an attempt to improve the pharmacokinetic properties by lowering the pK(a) value. Both the pK(a) values and the inhibitory constants K(i) against(More)
A series of 16 tricyclic thrombin inhibitors was prepared by using the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azomethine ylides derived from 3- or 4-hydroxyproline and 4-bromobenzaldehyde, with N-(4-fluorobenzyl)maleimide as the key step. The terminal pyrrolidine ring of the inhibitors was systematically substituted to explore the potential bioisosteric behavior of(More)
Dual inhibition of fatty acid binding proteins 4 and 5 (FABP4 and FABP5) is expected to provide beneficial effects on a number of metabolic parameters such as insulin sensitivity and blood glucose levels and should protect against atherosclerosis. Starting from a FABP4 selective focused screening hit, biostructure information was used to modulate the(More)
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