Ulrike Muscha Steckelings

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Angiotensin II (ANG II) is known to be a potent growth promoting factor for vascular smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts but little is known about its influence on growth in endothelial cells. We studied the effects of ANG II on endothelial growth and the role of the angiotensin receptor subtypes involved. Proliferation of rat coronary endothelial cells(More)
In 1989, the development of specific angiotensin receptor antagonists which distinguish between two angiotensin receptor subtypes (AT1 and AT2) led to a breakthrough in angiotensin research. It turned out, that the AT1 receptor was almost entirely responsible for the "classical" actions of angiotensin II related to the regulation of blood pressure as well(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the initiation and progression of tissue injuries in the cardiovascular and nervous systems. The detrimental actions of the AT1 receptor (AT1R) in hypertension and vascular injury, myocardial infarction and brain ischemia are well established. In the past twenty years, protective actions of the(More)
Thanks to the recent discovery of angiotensin II (ANG II) receptor subtypes linked to different signalling pathways, research in the different areas related to this peptide has regained a strong interest. In the following review, we first describe the biochemistry and actions of angiotensin peptides formed both in the circulation and locally at the tissue(More)
The brain is one of the organs where an intrinsic renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been described. Stimulation of circumventricular or brainstem angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors engenders a distinct pattern of cardiovascular, endocrine, and behavioral responses featuring blood pressure increase, attenuation of the baroreceptor reflex, drinking, release(More)
The angiotensin type 2 receptor (AT2R) and the receptor Mas are components of the protective arms of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), i.e. they both mediate tissue protective and regenerative actions. The spectrum of actions of these two receptors and their signalling mechanisms display striking similarities. Moreover, in some instances, antagonists for(More)
BACKGROUND This study is the first to examine the effect of direct angiotensin II type 2 (AT(2)) receptor stimulation on postinfarct cardiac function with the use of the novel nonpeptide AT(2) receptor agonist compound 21 (C21). METHODS AND RESULTS Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in Wistar rats by permanent ligation of the left coronary artery.(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG II) has been implicated in cell growth and differentiation. We investigated the effect of AT2 receptor stimulation on proliferation and morphological differentiation in cells of neuronal origin by using the pheochromocytoma derived cell line, PC12W. ANG II (10(-8)-10(-6) M) inhibited fetal calf serum (FCS)-induced cell proliferation in a(More)
We examined the possibility that direct stimulation of the angiotensin II type 2 (AT(2)) receptor by a newly generated direct AT(2) receptor agonist, Compound 21 (C21), enhances cognitive function. Treatment with C21 intraperitoneal injection for 2 weeks significantly enhanced cognitive function evaluated by the Morris water maze test in C57BL6 mice, but(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Research about the angiotensin AT2 receptor (AT2R) has been hampered in the past by the lack of a specific and selective agonist with in-vivo stability. Such an eagerly awaited agonist, compound 21, has recently become available, giving momentum to AT2R research which so far has resulted in 14 original publications. This article is(More)