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Area-specific and stimulation-dependent changes of human brain activation by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) are an important issue for improved understanding of treatment mechanisms, given the frequent prescription of these drugs in depression and anxiety disorders. The aim of this neuroimaging study was to investigate differences in(More)
Five subtypes of muscarinic receptors have been identified by pharmacological and molecular biological methods. The muscarinic receptor subtype mediating acid secretion at the level of the parietal cell was unknown. Therefore, this study was performed to characterize muscarinic receptors on rat gastric parietal cells using the 3 subtype-selective(More)
The aim of the present study was to characterize the prejunctional modulation of evoked release of endogenous noradrenaline in rabbit vas deferens by the use of muscarinic receptor agonists and subtype-preferring antagonists. Vasa deferentia of the rabbit were stimulated electrically by trains of 120 pulses delivered at 4 Hz or trains of 30 pulses at 1 Hz.(More)
The muscarinic pharmacology of two novel agonists related to McN-A-343, 4-F-PyMcN and 4-F-PyMcN+, has been studied by the use of pharmacological and radioligand binding techniques. Both compounds were potent agonists at M1 receptors in rabbit vas deferens (pEC50 = 6.24 and 6.96) and rat duodenum (pEC50 = 5.47 and 6.38), but very weak partial agonists or(More)
Lateralization is a well described aspect of the human brain. A plethora of morphological, cytological and functional studies describes hemispheric asymmetry in auditory and language areas. However, no study has reported cortical lateralization in the healthy human brain in vivo on the level of neurotransmitter receptors and in relation to functional(More)
Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis with deficient glucocorticoid feedback and alterations in the serotonergic system have been identified as biological correlates of mood disorders. Close examination of the interaction between these systems may offer insights into the pathophysiology of anxiety disorders and depression to(More)
The antimuscarinic properties of pirenzepine and N-methylatropine were evaluated in two intact preparations by measuring A) the inhibition of increase in mean arterial pressure evoked by McN-A-343 in pithed rats through activation of ganglionic muscarinic receptors and B) the inhibition of fall in arterial pressure evoked by methacholine in anaesthetized(More)
PURPOSE The higher prevalence rates of depression and anxiety disorders in women compared to men have been associated with sexual dimorphisms in the serotonergic system. The present positron emission tomography (PET) study investigated the influence of sex on the major inhibitory serotonergic receptor subtype, the serotonin-1A (5-HT(1A)) receptor. METHODS(More)
The present study was designed to determine to determine the in vitro affinity profile of (R)-(-)-dimethindene and (S)-(+)-dimethindene at muscarinic receptor subtypes using both functional and binding assays. In addition, the racemate was investigated in functional studies. The functional muscarinic receptors studied were putative M1 receptors in rabbit(More)