Ulrike Lehnigk

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BACKGROUND Double-blind, placebo-controlled (DBPC) trials are the gold standard for demonstrating clinical efficacy and tolerability. The placebo effect, although an important feature in placebo-controlled studies, has never been systematically investigated in allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) studies. This study was performed to examine the placebo(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate a subset of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and proinflammatory cytokines within the synovium, from traumatic knee disorders (TKDs) and nontraumatic osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS MMP-1, MMP-3, interleukin 1beta, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha gene expression was quantified by use of TaqMan-based(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine gene expression of the interleukin-17 (IL-17) family members (IL-17A-F) in rheumatoid subcutaneous nodules, and to assess the cytokines involved in regulating IL-17A expression. METHODS Total RNA was isolated from 19 nodules obtained from 16 different patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain(More)
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