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INTRODUCTION The aim of our work was to investigate the process of myelination in healthy patients using the diffusion parameters apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), relative anisotropy (RA), fractional anisotropy (FA), and eigenvalues. Age-dependent changes were assessed using the slope m of the fit functions that best described the data. MATERIALS AND(More)
SUMMARY Increasing evidence suggests that patients with L2-HGA have a predisposition to cerebral neoplasms. This may be related to the pathologic accumulation of L2-HG because high amounts of 2-HG have been found in brain neoplasms that have IDH1 mutations. Our experience, on the basis of 11 previously unreported cases of L2-HGA, 3 of which developed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE PFS occurs in approximately 25% of pediatric patients receiving surgery for midline posterior fossa tumors. Increasing evidence suggests that PFS represents a complex supratentorial cortical dysfunction related to surgery-induced disruption of critical cerebellocerebral connections. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a(More)
INTRODUCTION We compared the sensitivity and specificity of T2*-weighted gradient-echo imaging (T2*-GRE) and susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) in determining prevalence and cumulative incidence of intratumoral hemorrhages in children with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) undergoing antiangiogenic and radiation therapy. METHODS Patients were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Focal anaplasia characterized by T2 hypointensity, signal-intensity enhancement on postcontrast T1-weighted MR imaging and restricted water diffusion has been reported in a patient with juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma. We identified T2(HOF) with these MR imaging characteristics in children with DIPG and hypothesized that these(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is characterised by benign hamartomatous lesions in many organs. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can detect microstructural changes in pathological processes. OBJECTIVE To determine apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) maps in children with TS and to investigate the diffusion properties in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE SWI is known for its detailed visualization of the cerebral venous system and seems to be a promising tool for early detection of cerebrovascular pathologies in children, who are frequently sedated for MR imaging. Because sedation influences cerebral hemodynamics, we hypothesized that it would affect cerebral venous contrast in SWI.(More)
PURPOSE The two most prevalent forms of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) are the juvenile form (Batten disease, CLN3) and late infantile form (Jansky-Bielschowsky disease, CLN2). The aim of this study was to compare quantitative T2-values of brain tissue in CLN2 and CLN3 patients with reference values from age-matched normal subjects. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Infections with Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli typically occur in children causing haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) and neurological symptoms in 20-50 %. Little information is available on the morphology of brain manifestations in adults. The purpose of this study was to identify a characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pattern during(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Posterior fossa syndrome is a severe postoperative complication occurring in up to 29% of children undergoing posterior fossa tumor resection; it is most likely caused by bilateral damage to the proximal efferent cerebellar pathways, whose fibers contribute to the Guillain-Mollaret triangle. When the triangle is disrupted,(More)