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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Strokes have especially devastating implications if they occur early in life; however, only limited information exists on the characteristics of acute cerebrovascular disease in young adults. Although risk factors and manifestation of atherosclerosis are commonly associated with stroke in the elderly, recent data suggests different(More)
AIMS We investigated the presence of social inequalities of alcohol use and misuse using educational attainment as an indicator of socio-economic status in 15 countries: Sweden, Norway, Finland, Germany, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Israel, Brazil, and Mexico. METHODS Study surveys were independently conducted and the data(More)
There has been increasing interest in investigating whether inhabitants in socially or physically deprived neighborhoods have higher mortality when individual socioeconomic status is adjusted for. Results so far appear ambiguous and the objective of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review of previous studies and to quantify the association(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES To assess the prognostic relevance of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) values and their serial changes as measured with a high-sensitivity assay in acute ischaemic stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS In total, 1016 consecutive acute ischaemic stroke patients were registered prospectively within a two-year period. High-sensitivity cTnT was(More)
AIMS Falls and fall-related injuries are major problems in hospitals. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of fall prevention guidelines on falls and fall-related injuries in hospitals. METHOD A cross-sectional study was conducted in German hospitals. Some 28 hospitals participated with a total of 5046 patients. Eleven of these hospitals had(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although many stroke patients are young or middle-aged, risk factor profiles in these age groups are poorly understood. METHODS The Stroke in Young Fabry Patients (sifap1) study prospectively recruited a large multinational European cohort of patients with cerebrovascular events aged 18 to 55 years to establish their prevalence of(More)
AIMS Little is known about specific Danish drinking patterns. This paper investigates how various socio-demographic factors are related to Danish alcohol consumption with special focus on age and sex. METHODS Data come from a national telephone survey of the Danish general population conducted in 2003 with a final sample size of 2,030 cases. Measures of(More)
AIMS The sFlt-1/PlGF ratio has been evaluated as a diagnostic marker for preeclampsia (PE). The aim of this study was to explore the use of the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio as an aid in prediction for PE. METHODS 150 patients with a high risk for PE were enrolled in this prospective study. Groups were compared according to the pregnancy outcome: controls (n=114),(More)
AIMS To compare drinking habits and to examine differences between drinking cultures in different regions and countries in Europe; to examine gender differences in drinking habits and to compare them over countries. METHODS Data consisted of independently conducted, centrally analysed surveys in the general population aged 20-64 years in 14 European(More)
INTRODUCTION Recently, growing interest emerged in the enhancement of human potential by means of non-invasive brain stimulation. In particular, anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (atDCS) has been shown to exert beneficial effects on motor and higher cognitive functions. However, the majority of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)(More)