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AIMS We investigated the presence of social inequalities of alcohol use and misuse using educational attainment as an indicator of socio-economic status in 15 countries: Sweden, Norway, Finland, Germany, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Israel, Brazil, and Mexico. METHODS Study surveys were independently conducted and the data(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES To assess the prognostic relevance of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) values and their serial changes as measured with a high-sensitivity assay in acute ischaemic stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS In total, 1016 consecutive acute ischaemic stroke patients were registered prospectively within a two-year period. High-sensitivity cTnT was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although many stroke patients are young or middle-aged, risk factor profiles in these age groups are poorly understood. METHODS The Stroke in Young Fabry Patients (sifap1) study prospectively recruited a large multinational European cohort of patients with cerebrovascular events aged 18 to 55 years to establish their prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Strokes have especially devastating implications if they occur early in life; however, only limited information exists on the characteristics of acute cerebrovascular disease in young adults. Although risk factors and manifestation of atherosclerosis are commonly associated with stroke in the elderly, recent data suggests different(More)
AIMS To compare drinking habits and to examine differences between drinking cultures in different regions and countries in Europe; to examine gender differences in drinking habits and to compare them over countries. METHODS Data consisted of independently conducted, centrally analysed surveys in the general population aged 20-64 years in 14 European(More)
BACKGROUND Although post-stroke depression is widely recognized, less is known about depressive symptoms in the acute stage of stroke and especially in young stroke patients. We thus investigated depressive symptoms and their determinants in such a cohort. METHODS The Stroke in Young Fabry Patients study (sifap1) prospectively recruited a large(More)
Attrition in longitudinal studies can lead to biased results. The study is motivated by the unexpected observation that alcohol consumption decreased despite increased availability, which may be due to sample attrition of heavy drinkers. Several imputation methods have been proposed, but rarely compared in longitudinal studies of alcohol consumption. The(More)
AIMS This paper examines changes in alcohol consumption in Denmark between 2003 and 2006 after the excise tax on spirits in Denmark was lowered by 45% on October 1, 2003 and travelers' allowances for the import of alcohol were increased on January 1, 2004. METHODS Cross-sectional and panel data from Denmark from 2003 to 2006 were analyzed. Samples were(More)
As the process of Alzheimer's disease (AD) begins years before disease onset, searching for prevention strategies is of major medical and economic importance. Nutritional supplementation with long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (LC-n3-FA) may exert beneficial effects on brain structure and function. However, experimental evidence in older adults(More)
AIMS: This paper examines changes in alcohol import in Denmark between 2003 and 2006, after the excise tax on spirits in Denmark was lowered by 45% on October 1, 2003 and travellers' allowances for alcohol import were increased on January1, 2004. Additionally, the paper seeks to develop a profile of alcohol importers and analyse the relation between the(More)