Ulrike Dydak

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The human anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is part of the default-mode network that shows predominant negative blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) responses in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We combined fMRI during emotional processing and resting-state magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurements and observed that the concentration of GABA in(More)
Schizophrenia is a major psychiatric disease, which affects the centre of the personality, with severe problems of perception, cognition as well as affective and social behaviour. In cerebrospinal fluid of drug-free schizophrenic patients, a significant decrease in the level of total glutathione (GSH) by 27% (P<0.05) was observed as compared to controls, in(More)
CONTEXT Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by diverse metabolic and functional abnormalities that occur in, among other regions, the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pgACC), a cortical region linked to anhedonia. OBJECTIVES To contextualize metabolic, functional, and clinical parameters and thus to reveal cellular mechanisms related to(More)
Migraine pathophysiology possibly involves deficient mitochondrial energy reserve and diminished cortical habituation. Using functional magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (fMRSI), we studied cortical lactate changes during prolonged visual stimulation to search for different pathophysiological mechanisms in clinically distinct subgroups of migraine(More)
A large body of published work shows that proton (hydrogen 1 [(1)H]) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy has evolved from a research tool into a clinical neuroimaging modality. Herein, the authors present a summary of brain disorders in which MR spectroscopy has an impact on patient management, together with a critical consideration of common data(More)
Acute mountain sickness is common among not acclimatized persons ascending to high altitude; the underlying mechanism is unknown, but may be related to cerebral edema. Nine healthy male students were studied before and after 6-h exposure to isobaric hypoxia. Subjects inhaled room air enriched with N(2) to obtain arterial O(2) saturation values of 75 to 80%.(More)
T. Lange U. Dydak T.P.L. Roberts H.A. Rowley M. Bjeljac P. Boesiger SUMMARY: In clinical MR spectroscopy at higher field strengths, lactate may show reduced or absent signal intensity at an echo time of 144 ms. Although this false-negative result may be predicted from theory, experimental verification and clinical impact have not been fully established.(More)
In day-to-day life, we need to apply strategies to cascade different actions for efficient unfolding of behavior. While deficits in action cascading are examined extensively, almost nothing is known about the neuronal mechanisms mediating superior performance above the normal level. To examine this question, we investigate action control in airplane pilot(More)
BACKGROUND The structural and functional abnormalities of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) have been reported in panic disorder (PD). Patients with PD have shown decreased gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) concentration in the ACC. The GABA concentration in the ACC was found to be associated with default mode network (DMN) activity in normal human subjects.(More)
Hypophosphatemia caused by renal phosphate loss occurs frequently after kidney transplantation. In assumption of systemic phosphorus depletion, the presumed deficit commonly is replaced by oral phosphate supplements. However, such treatment is debatable, because intracellular phosphorus stores have not been assessed in this setting and may not be accurately(More)