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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether crushed or dissolved tablets of the oral direct thrombin inhibitor ximelagatran are bioequivalent to whole tablet administration. Ximelagatran is currently under development for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was an open-label, randomised, three-period,(More)
Systemic administration of desmopressin (DDAVP) induces increased plasma levels of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), coagulation factor VIII, and von Willebrand factor (vWF). However, the mechanisms behind these responses are not known. We tested the hypothesis that DDAVP acts as a local stimulator of acute endothelial release of t-PA and vWF(More)
We recently showed that muscarinic receptor stimulation causes a marked increase in the net release of tissue-type plasminogen activator (TPA) antigen and activity across the human forearm in vivo, in conjunction with endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Because hypertension has been associated with endothelial dysfunction, the aim of the study was to(More)
We have observed marked interindividual differences in release rates of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) among healthy subjects. The objective of the current study was to test the hypothesis that there is an association between a genetic variation at the t-PA locus and the in vivo release rate of t-PA. Fifty-one healthy males were studied at rest in(More)
Recently, we reported that an Alu insertion polymorphism of the tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) gene is associated with vascular t-PA release rates in man. In the current study we searched the t-PA gene for putative functional genetic variants in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with this polymorphism. Healthy individuals with different Alu genotypes(More)
Free, biologically active tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is the main initiator of intravascular fibrinolysis, but little is known about the regulation of active tPA on the organ level. The aim was to investigate if the local availability of active tPA on the organ level depends on the local release rate of tPA or the arterial input of tPA and(More)
The impact of prothrombotic abnormalities on the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) and bleeding in patients receiving long-term anticoagulation remains unclear. This analysis evaluated the influence of potential prothrombotic risk factors (antithrombin, protein C, protein S, factor V Leiden mutation, prothrombin gene G20210A mutation,(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of amoxicillin, doxycycline, ciprofloxacin, azithromycin, and cefuroxime on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of melagatran, the active form of the oral direct thrombin inhibitor ximelagatran, which is a substrate for the P-glycoprotein pump (P-gp) transporter but is not metabolized by the cytochrome P450 (CYP450)(More)
Borderline hypertension is characterized by pressor hyperreactivity to mental stress. However, it has not been shown whether blood pressure hyperresponsiveness is a temporary phenomenon due to situational anxiety or a stable feature of the borderline hypertensive state. We therefore evaluated the long-term stability of invasively assessed blood pressure and(More)