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During the last decade, there has been an increasing number of publications reporting concentrations of free dissociable insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in serum or plasma. The goal for attempting to measure free IGF-I in a serum sample in vitro has been to obtain information about the bioactivity of IGF-I in target tissues, and thus relate a(More)
Physical activity plays a role in the maintenance of the skeleton but the mechanical, metabolic and hormonal mechanisms involved are largely unknown. The influence of acute endurance and strength exercise on circulating levels of calcitonin, parathyroid hormone (PTH), PTH-related peptide (PTHrP), osteocalcin, carboxyterminal cross-linked telopeptide of type(More)
IGF-I plays a direct role in whole body glucose homeostasis primarily by stimulating skeletal muscle glucose uptake. IGF-I is also involved in exercise induced muscle hypertrophy. Knowledge regarding local changes in muscle IGF-I bioavailability and its regulation by IGFBPs at rest and during exercise is limited. We have therefore explored changes in total(More)
OBJECTIVE To study interstitial IGF-I concentrations in resting and exercising skeletal muscle in relation to the circulating components of the IGF-IGF binding protein (IGFBP) system. DESIGN AND METHODS Seven women performed endurance exercise with 1 leg (Ex-leg) for 1 h. The resting leg (Rest-leg) served as a control. IGF-I was determined in(More)
Calpains are cytoplasmic Ca(2+)-regulated cysteine proteases that may regulate insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-independent actions of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) through IGFBP proteolysis. In this study, [(125)I]-labeled IGFBP-2 and -3, but not IGFBP-1, were proteolyzed by Ca(2+)-activated m-calpain in vitro. Degradation of higher(More)
Human conditions of elevated interleukin-6 (IL-6) and transgenic mice overexpressing IL-6 have increased proteolytic degradation of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3. In addition, IL-6 alters the hepatic expression of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and the IGFBPs in vitro. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether(More)
Ten patients with rheumatoid arthritis of moderate severity were given 7 months' physical training. During the investigation period the patiens improved their physical performance capacity as well as they lowered their rate of perceived exertion during submaximum exercise. There was a small increase in muscle fibre size and a correlation was found between(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-IGF binding proteins (BP) and the pituitary-gonadal axes were investigated during ultra endurance exercise in 16 endurance-trained athletes (seven women). Median duration of the race was 6.3 days. Although food and drink were ad libitum, energy balance was negative. Blood samples were drawn before (PRE), at the end of(More)