Ulrika Ådén

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In the absence of any overt task performance, it has been shown that spontaneous, intrinsic brain activity is expressed as systemwide, resting-state networks in the adult brain. However, the route to adult patterns of resting-state activity through neuronal development in the human brain is currently unknown. Therefore, we used functional MRI to map(More)
The functional network topology of the adult human brain has recently begun to be noninvasively mapped using resting-state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging and described using mathematical tools originating from graph theory. Previous studies have revealed the existence of disproportionally connected brain regions, so called cortical hubs,(More)
Recent studies have revealed spatial and functional relations in the temporal dynamics of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) or electroencephalography (EEG) signals recorded in the adult brain. By modeling the frequency power spectrum of resting-state brain signals with a power-law function 0(f)α1/fα, the power-law exponent α has(More)
Caffeine has biphasic effects on locomotion, and blockade of the adenosine A(2A) receptor (A2AR) is necessary for the stimulatory effect of low doses of caffeine, but not for the locomotor depressant effect observed at high doses. We wanted to elucidate the role of the adenosine A(1) receptor (A1R) in mediating the locomotor effects of increasing doses of(More)
Recent progress in functional neuroimaging research has provided the opportunity to probe at the brain's intrinsic functional architecture. Synchronized spontaneous neuronal activity is present in the form of resting-state networks in the brain even in the absence of external stimuli. The objective of this study was to investigate the presence of(More)
Maternal caffeine intake has been suggested to influence the offspring. We have studied the effects of maternal caffeine intake on adenosine and GABA receptors, targets for caffeine, during development of the rat brain. Caffeine (0.3 g/L) was added to the drinking water of rat dams during pregnancy and early postnatal life. Adenosine A1 and A2A and GABAA(More)
Premature exposure to the extrauterine environment negatively affects the brains' developmental trajectory. Our aim was to determine whether extremely preterm (EPT) infants, with no evidence of focal brain lesions, show morphological brain differences when compared with term-born infants. Additionally, we investigated associations between perinatal factors(More)
Ventriculomegaly at term age is an important predictor of neurologic outcome in preterm infants. Previous studies have found only poor correlations between two-dimensional (2D) cranial ultrasound (US) measurements of lateral ventricles and volume measurements using three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Paired cranial MRI and US scans in a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine associations between brain white matter abnormalities, including diffuse excessive high signal intensities, detected on neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with neurodevelopmental outcome at age 30 months. STUDY DESIGN This was a prospective, population-based study of infants born at <27 weeks gestation (n=117) undergoing(More)
Systemic inflammation sensitizes the perinatal brain to an ischemic/excitotoxic insult but the mechanisms are poorly understood. We hypothesized that the mechanisms involve an imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory factors. A well characterized mouse model where a systemic injection of IL-1beta during the first five postnatal days (inflammatory(More)