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BACKGROUND This clinical study evaluated the speed of reversal of profound rocuronium block in ponies using sugammadex and investigated the differences in onset and recovery from block in three different muscle groups. METHODS Anaesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen 100% in eight ponies. Neuromuscular monitoring was performed at(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of a single intravenous dose of butorphanol (0.1 mg kg(-1)) on the nociceptive withdrawal reflex (NWR) using threshold, suprathreshold and repeated subthreshold electrical stimuli in conscious horses. STUDY DESIGN 'Unblinded', prospective experimental study. ANIMALS Ten adult horses, five geldings and five mares, mean(More)
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