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An increased daily alcohol consumption results in neurological symptoms and morphological central nervous system changes, e.g. shrinkage of the frontal lobes and the cerebellar vermis. Brain shrinkage can be due to neuronal loss, gliosis, or alterations of (cell) membrane constitutes/myelin. Neuronal, glial, and metabolic changes can be measured in vivo(More)
Cardiovascular effects of noise rank second in terms of disability-adjusted life year (DALYs) after annoyance. Although research during the past decade has consolidated the available data base, the most recent meta-analysis still shows wide confidence intervals - indicating imprecise information for public health risk assessment. The alpine area of Tyrol in(More)
This case report describes the sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) of a 53-year-old man who initially complained about vertigo and dizziness. Within 18 weeks, he developed impaired memory, hemineglect, and sensory impairment of the left half of the body. A CSF tap was positive for 14-3-3 protein and showed increased tau protein, neuron-specific enolase(More)
The authors deal with the heuristic value of the "neurobiological model of alcohol dependence". It allows the study of the influence of a defined noxe on different brain structures. Additionally, it enables the quantification of regeneration and restitution processes in abstinence. Because of this, the alcoholism model goes beyond dementia, the model which(More)
Although the majority of studies on community noise levels and children's physiological stress responses are positive, effect sizes vary considerably, and some studies do not confirm these effects. Employing a contextual perspective congruent with soundscapes, a carefully constructed sample of children (N = 115, M = 10.1 yr) living in households in(More)
In a short-term experimental study about one-third of subjects exposed to noise shows both increases and decreases in blood pressure. While the association of noise with hypertension is established it is not yet known whether hypotension is associated with noise in field studies. In a cross-sectional study the association of self-reported hypotension and(More)
1. Introduction In high-speed trains, tonal components produced either by the motor or by corrugated rails may occur. As it is well-known from literature ([1], [2], [3]) that environmental or artificial noise containing tonal components is more annoying than noise without tonal components, the present investigation assesses the importance of reducing such(More)
Up to now, traffic noise effect studies focused on hypertension as health outcome. Hypotension has not been considered as a potential health outcome although in experiments some people also responded to noise with decreases of blood pressure. Currently, the characteristics of these persons are not known and whether this down regulation of blood pressure is(More)
Diese Kasuistik schildert den Verlauf einer sporadischen Creutzfeld-Jakob-Krankheit (sCJD) eines 53-jährigen Mannes. Er klagte initial über Gleichgewichtsstörungen und Schwankschwindel und nach 12 Wochen über Merkfähigkeits- und räumliche Orientierungsstörungen. Bis zur 18. Woche entwickelte er eine sensorisch betonte Parese und Neglekt der linken(More)
Although treatment outcome in alcoholism is good and well documented, many patients are not sufficiently motivated for participating in a treatment program. The following case-report illustrates the example of a young male alcoholic suffering from decompensated liver cirrhoses without motivation for a long-term treatment. The positive effects of the new(More)