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Medication noncompliance (NC) is thought to be a major cause of insufficient seizure control. In an explorative study we investigated whether postictal serum levels (PISLs) of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are a reliable indicator of NC. Young adults with epilepsy on a stable AED regimen were asked to contact medical service as soon as possible when a seizure(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the risk factors for early disability pension (EDP) in adult patients with epilepsy in a specialized epilepsy rehabilitation setting. METHODS In a retrospective study, 246 patients with epilepsy and employment difficulties leading to referral to an inpatient rehabilitation unit were evaluated with a(More)
OBJECTIVE Experimental data indicate inhibitory effects of the cerebellum on seizure activity. Structural damage such as cerebellar atrophy, which is a common finding in patients with chronic epilepsy, may reduce these effects. METHODS Outcome after temporal lobectomy was studied in 78 consecutive patients, with or without cerebellar atrophy diagnosed by(More)
Cerebellar atrophy (CA) is a frequent finding in patients with chronic epilepsy. To find out whether the existence of CA has an influence on the tolerance of high-dose monotherapy with carbamazepine, we compared the lowest individual toxic serum levels in patients with complex focal seizures, with CA (n = 27) and without CA (n = 20) in computerized(More)
The knowledge of patients with epilepsy about their own condition is poor, and thus the need for educational programs for people with epilepsy has long been recognized. However, no such programs have been established in their routine care. The Modular Service Package Epilepsy (MOSES) now tries to fill this gap for patients in German-speaking countries. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of a postsurgical rehabilitation program on employment status 2 years after temporal lobe epilepsy surgery in relation to other predictors. METHODS Employment outcome 2 years after temporal lobe resection in a group of 232 adult patients with the offer of a 3-week inpatient rehabilitation program immediately after surgery(More)
The PESOS questionnaire was developed at the Epilepsy Center Bethel in order to assess individual problems of patients with epilepsy in social and occupational surroundings (diagnostic function) and to investigate effects of treatment and counselling on quality of life (evaluative function). Clinical and demographic data, objective and subjective indicators(More)
PURPOSE Valproic acid (VPA) is an antiepileptic drug (AED) commonly used for generalized and focal epilepsies. We provide an update on hepatotoxic side effects in Germany between 1994 and 2003. METHODS We mailed a questionnaire to all members of the German Section of the International League Against Epilepsy, asking for VPA-induced side effects,(More)
Therapy with traditional antiepileptic drugs is associated with a wide range of pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions. In particular, enzyme induction, enzyme inhibition and displacement from protein binding may result in important changes in serum concentrations of antiepileptics. Relevant interactions have also been described for some new antiepileptics.(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebellar atrophy (CA) is a frequent finding in patients with chronic epilepsy. Since gaze-evoked nystagmus, dizziness, and ataxia are some of the typical adverse effects (AEs) of the dose-dependent toxicity of carbamazepine, preexisting CA could possible explain in part the interindividual variation in the tolerance of high serum concentrations(More)