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To evaluate the additional value of transesophageal (TEE) compared with transthoracic (TTE) echocardiography and the role of patent foramen ovale (PFO) and deep vein thrombosis in the work-up of embolic events, patients with presumed cardiac embolic stroke or transient ischemic attack (neurovascular etiology was excluded) were prospectively studied by(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate in a prospective multicentre setting the feasibility of transcranial colour coded duplex sonography (TCCS) for examination of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in patients with acute hemispheric stroke, and to assess the validity of sonographic findings in a subgroup of patients who also had a correlative angiographic examination. (More)
OBJECTIVE Alerted by the number of patients with transient global amnesia (TGA) in whom Valsalvalike activities immediately preceded the onset of TGA, we have investigated the frequency of patent foramen ovale (PFO) as the prerequisite for paradoxical embolism. DESIGN Case series with comparison to a control group. SETTING Hospitalized and ambulatory(More)
Fifty patients with multiple sclerosis were treated either by corticosteroids given systemically or by intrathecal injection of a steroid crystal suspension. Before and 3 weeks after the beginning of the treatment we examined the patients according to the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). Four patients had to be excluded from evaluation. In 23(More)
Knowledge of morphofunctional effects on the fetal brain induced by exogenous glucocorticoids is limited. Recently, we reported alterations of both the neuronal cytoskeleton and electrocortical function in the ovine fetal brain after antenatal betamethasone treatment in doses used in perinatal medicine. In the present study we examined whether these changes(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Predictors of clinical outcome in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) vary in reliability. Measurement of cerebral venous hemodynamics by transcranial color-coded duplexsonography (TCCS) has become of increasing interest lately, and correlation with intracranial pressure (ICP) seems to be high. The aim of the presented study was(More)
Cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv) was measured by insonating the middle cerebral arteries of four subjects using a 2 Mhz transcranial Doppler. Ambient CO2 was elevated to 0.7% for 23 d in the first study and to 1.2% for 23 d in the same subjects in the second study. By non-parametric testing CBFv was elevated significantly by +35% above pre-exposure(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies using ultrasound at diagnostic frequencies in transcranial Doppler devices provided encouraging results in enhancing thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in acute stroke. Low-frequency ultrasound does not require complex positioning procedures, penetrates through the skull better, and has been demonstrated to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral emboli can be recognized by typical "high-intensity transient signals" (HITS) in the transcranial Doppler (TCD) spectral curves. Patients with potential cardiac sources of embolism are at higher risk for stroke. METHODS We examined the frequency of HITS in the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) with TCD over periods of 30(More)
INTRODUCTION Hashimoto encephalopathy is a very rare autoimmune disease of unknown etiology. The spectrum of clinical manifestations is wide, and there is no characteristic presentation. Because of the good response to corticosteroid treatment, it is important to confirm the diagnosis as fast as possible. CASE REPORT We report an 18-year-old man stroke(More)