Ulrich Schwaneberg

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A β-1,4-endoglucanase (Cel5A) was cloned from the genomic DNA of saccharolytic thermophilic eubacterium Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis MB4 and functionally expressed in Escherichia coli. Substrate specificity analysis revealed that Cel5A cleaves specifically the β-1,4-glycosidic linkage in cellulose with high activity (294 U mg−1; carboxymethyl cellulose(More)
Bacillus subtilis strains are used for extracellular expression of enzymes (i.e., proteases, lipases, and cellulases) which are often engineered by directed evolution for industrial applications. B. subtilis DB104 represents an attractive directed evolution host since it has a low proteolytic activity and efficient secretion. B. subtilis DB104 is hampered(More)
Directed evolution of Yersinia mollaretii phytase (Ymphytase) yielded an improved variant SM2P3E4 (also named M1; D52N, T77K, K139E, G187S, V298M) in our previous study. Variant M1 retained high specific activity (993U/mg; equivalent to 93% of wild-type activity) and improved thermal resistance (T50 improved by 1.5°C compared to wild-type at 58°C; 20min(More)
Progress in miniature chip-design raises demands for implantable power sources in health care applications such as continuous glucose monitoring of diabetic patients. Pioneered by Adam Heller, miniaturized enzymatic biofuel cells (mBCs) convert blood sugars into electrical energy by employing for example glucose oxidase (GOx) on the anode and bilirubin(More)
Over the past decade, we have witnessed a bloom in the field of evolutive protein engineering which is fueled by advances in molecular biology techniques and high-throughput screening technology. Directed protein evolution is a powerful algorithm using iterative cycles of random mutagenesis and screening for tailoring protein properties to our needs in(More)
A thermostable glucoamylase (TtcGA) from Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis MB4 was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli. The full-length gene (2112 bp) encodes a 703-amino acid polypeptide including a predicted signal peptide of 21 residues. The recombinant mature protein was partially purified to 30-fold homogeneity by heat treatment and gel(More)
Cytochrome p450 BM-3 (EC 1.14.14.1) catalyzes the hydroxylation and/or epoxidation of a broad range of substrates, including alkanes, alkenes, alcohols, fatty acids, amides, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and heterocycles. For many of these notoriously water-insoluble compounds, p450 BM-3's K(m) values are in the millimolar range. Polar organic cosolvents are(More)
Cytochrome P450 monooxygenase BM-3 (EC 1.14.14.1) hydroxylates fatty acids with chain lengths between C12 and C18. It is also known to oxidize the corresponding alcohols and amides. However, it is not known to oxidize alkanes. Here we report that P450 BM-3 oxidizes octane, which is four carbons shorter and lacks the carboxylate functionality of the shortest(More)
Polymer based nanocompartments have potential applications in synthetic biology, medicine (drug release) and industrial biotechnology (chiral nanoreactors, multistep syntheses, selective product recovery). A step towards the aforementioned goals is the polymer membrane functionalization through covalent bonding of chemical anchors or insertion of(More)