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A standard technique of proximal selective vagotomy is described (PSV) that has proved reliable and safe in a broad multicenter clinical trial. We proceed in six steps: (1) determination of the antral-fundic boundary by anatomic criteria; (2) preliminary vagomotor electrotest; (3) identification of the nerve trunks and branches to be preserved; (4)(More)
1. In vitro models (synaptosones, electrically stimulated brain slices and monoamine oxidase (MAO) preparations have been used to identify the sites of action of nomifensine on brain monoamine metabolism. 2. Nomifensine potentiates neurotransmission in noradrenergic and dopaminergic synapses by blocking catecholamine uptake. 3. Nomifensine does not inhibit(More)
Three major metabolites (M1, M2, M3) of nomifensine (8-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-phenyl-isoquinoline) are formed by hydroxylation and methoxylation of the phenyl ring. They were compared with nomifensine 1. in various psychopharmacological tests in vivo, carried out in mice after oral or i.p. treatment and 2. in neurochemical in vitro studies,(More)
Scaphocapitate fracture syndrome (SCFS) as part of perilunar distorsion injuries (PL, PLF) in the human wrist is still remarkably rare. The diagnosis is determined by careful physical and radiological examinations, including conventional radiographs. Computed tomography can be helpful in detecting such lesions. In our opinion, the high risk of(More)
Atropine and an eightfold greater amount of pirenzepine inhibit pentagastrin-stimulated secretion to nearly the same extent (70-75%). Neither drug influences acid concentrations markedly (18%). Atropine and pirenzepine decrease the potassium concentration of gastric juice. By increasing electrical vagal stimulation the inhibitory effect of cimetidine(More)