Ulrich S. Schuler

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The mortality of central nervous system (CNS) aspergillosis approaches 100%, requiring improved therapies. Voriconazole gives superior efficacy and survival in invasive aspergillosis, compared with amphotericin B. Also, in contrast to other antifungal drugs, voriconazole penetrates well into the CNS. We evaluated, retrospectively, the outcome and survival(More)
Culture-based preemptive therapy with ganciclovir was shown to reduce the incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Culture techniques did not detect CMV in 12% to 13% of patients before the onset of CMV disease. In a prospective study, 71 patients either received preemptive therapy based on polymerase chain(More)
Objective. To assess the outcome of intensive care unit (ICU) treatment in patients with hematological malignancies. Design and setting. Retrospective cohort study in the medical ICU of a university hospital. Patients. 104 critically ill patients after receiving conventional chemotherapy or autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Interventions.(More)
Allelic variants of the MDR-1 gene have been shown recently to influence protein expression and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) function in healthy volunteers. Therefore, 405 acute myeloid leukemia patients were investigated for somatic genotypes of the three most frequent single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in exons 12, 21, and 26. In all three loci, homozygous(More)
We present an analysis of prognostic factors derived from a trial in patients with acute myeloid leukemia older than 60 years. The AML96 trial included 909 patients with a median age of 67 years (range, 61-87 years). Treatment included cytarabine-based induction therapy followed by 1 consolidation. The median follow-up time for all patients is 68 months(More)
Pharmacokinetics were studied in relation to hepatic side-effects in 20 patients (19 adults aged 18-53 years and one child of 11 years) undergoing BMT after conditioning with 1 mg/kg busulfan (every 6 hours for 16 doses). Busulfan was quantitated in plasma samples at 10 time points within the 6 h dosing interval using HPLC before and after dose numbers 1,(More)
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is an inhibitor of purine nucleotide de novo synthesis leading to impaired proliferation of activated lymphocytes. Studies in animals show a synergistic effect of MMF and cyclosporine (CsA) in preventing acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. We performed a pilot study(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant human G-CSF is widely used to mobilize PBPCs in healthy donors for allogeneic transplantation. There have been concerns about donor safety because of splenic ruptures during G-CSF application. To address this problem, changes in splenic size in 91 healthy donors during G-CSF mobilization of allogeneic PBPCs were investigated. STUDY(More)
Imatinib mesylate (STI571) is a very effective treatment option for Ph+ chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase. Secondary treatment failures have mostly been observed in patients with advanced stages of disease. We report the case of a patient who unexpectedly experienced blast crisis of the central nervous system although having achieved complete(More)
Mitoxantrone, a cytotoxic anthracenedione derivative, has given clinical evidence of beneficial activity in breast cancer, lymphoma and leukaemia. Several different mechanisms of action have been suggested to account for this. In addition to intercalation, biological effects such as electrostatic interactions with DNA, DNA-protein cross-links,(More)