Ulrich Pilatus

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Diagnosis of primary and secondary brain tumours and other focal intracranial mass lesions based on imaging procedures alone is still a challenging problem. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) gives completely different information related to cell membrane proliferation, neuronal damage, energy metabolism and necrotic transformation of brain or(More)
Parallel imaging methods become increasingly available on clinical MR scanners. To investigate the potential of sensitivity-encoded single-shot EPI (SENSE-EPI) for functional MRI, five imaging protocols at different SENSE reduction factors (R) and matrix sizes were compared with respect to their noise characteristics and their sensitivity toward functional(More)
It is shown that the effect of pH changes can be measured in proton NMR spectra through the pH sensitivity of the signal intensities of metabolite protons exchanging with water. To observe this phenomenon, pulse sequences must be used that can sensitively observe these exchangeable protons under physiological conditions, which is achieved by avoiding(More)
To investigate glycine (Gly) concentrations in low- and high-grade gliomas based on 1H MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) with short and long echo time (TE). Myoinositol (MI) and Gly appear at the same resonance frequency of 3.56 ppm, but due to strong coupling the MI signal dephases more rapidly. Therefore, their contribution to the 3.56 ppm signal should be(More)
OBJECT In this study, 1H magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy was prospectively tested as a reliable method for presurgical grading of neuroepithelial brain tumors. METHODS Using a database of tumor spectra obtained in patients with histologically confirmed diagnoses, 94 consecutive untreated patients were studied using single-voxel 1H spectroscopy(More)
The popular recreational drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) has well-recognized neurotoxic effects upon central serotonergic systems in animal studies. In humans, the use of MDMA has been linked to cognitive problems, particularly to deficits in long-term memory and learning. Recent studies with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H(More)
Bevacizumab shows unprecedented rates of response in recurrent glioblastomas (GBM), but the detailed mechanisms are still unclear. We employed in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) and quantitative magnetic resonance imaging to investigate whether bevacizumab alters oxygen and energy metabolism and whether this effect has antitumoral(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) predicts survival time, tumor progression, and malignant transformation in patients with WHO grade II gliomas. 1H-MRS and MR imaging (MRI) were performed before surgery in 45 patients with histologically proven WHO grade II gliomas. Metabolite concentrations of(More)
In S. cerevisiae the induction of heat-shock protein (HSP) synthesis is accompanied by a decrease in the cytoplasmic and vacuolar pH as determined by means of [31P]NMR spectroscopy. The relationship of HSP synthesis and acidification of the cytoplasmic pH is dose-dependent under a variety of treatments (temperature increases (23-32 degrees C), addition of(More)
We investigated DTI changes, potentially indicating alterations of microstructure and brain tissue integrity in 13 patients with probable progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP, Richardson syndrome) at stage III or less and 10 age-matched controls using a whole brain analysis of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data. DTI images were analyzed using tract-based(More)