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Parallel imaging methods become increasingly available on clinical MR scanners. To investigate the potential of sensitivity-encoded single-shot EPI (SENSE-EPI) for functional MRI, five imaging protocols at different SENSE reduction factors (R) and matrix sizes were compared with respect to their noise characteristics and their sensitivity toward functional(More)
The popular recreational drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) has well-recognized neurotoxic effects upon central serotonergic systems in animal studies. In humans, the use of MDMA has been linked to cognitive problems, particularly to deficits in long-term memory and learning. Recent studies with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction hypothetically contributes to neuronal degeneration in patients with Parkinson's disease. While several in vitro data exist, the measurement of cerebral mitochondrial dysfunction in living patients with Parkinson's disease is challenging. Anatomical magnetic resonance imaging combined with phosphorus and proton magnetic resonance(More)
Diagnosis of primary and secondary brain tumours and other focal intracranial mass lesions based on imaging procedures alone is still a challenging problem. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) gives completely different information related to cell membrane proliferation, neuronal damage, energy metabolism and necrotic transformation of brain or(More)
Bevacizumab shows unprecedented rates of response in recurrent glioblastomas (GBM), but the detailed mechanisms are still unclear. We employed in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) and quantitative magnetic resonance imaging to investigate whether bevacizumab alters oxygen and energy metabolism and whether this effect has antitumoral(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance spectroscopy is widely used in addition to magnetic resonance imaging in the characterization of brain tumors. Compounds containing choline (Cho) have an important role in the evaluation of tumor malignancy. For this purpose, various ratios of Cho and other metabolites, such as creatine (Cr), have been assessed. The aim of this(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) predicts survival time, tumor progression, and malignant transformation in patients with WHO grade II gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS (1)H-MRS and MR imaging (MRI) were performed before surgery in 45 patients with histologically proven WHO grade(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate chemical-shift imaging (CSI) to guide stereotactic biopsy of the choline 'hot spot' in cerebral lesions suggestive of low-grade glioma. METHODS Nine patients with hyperintense lesions on T(2)-weighted images of standard magnetic resonance imaging without contrast enhancement underwent advanced magnetic resonance studies. These(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to evaluate autoregulatory mechanisms in different vascular territories within the first week after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) by perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (PW-MRI). For this purpose, regional cerebral blood flow and volume (rCVF and rCBV) were measured in relation to different(More)
OBJECTIVE Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) has been considered to be a frontal variant of thalamocortical network dysfunction in epilepsy. Changes of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurotransmission may play a key role in this dysfunction. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is the only noninvasive method to measure GABA concentrations in different(More)