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Parallel imaging methods become increasingly available on clinical MR scanners. To investigate the potential of sensitivity-encoded single-shot EPI (SENSE-EPI) for functional MRI, five imaging protocols at different SENSE reduction factors (R) and matrix sizes were compared with respect to their noise characteristics and their sensitivity toward functional(More)
The popular recreational drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) has well-recognized neurotoxic effects upon central serotonergic systems in animal studies. In humans, the use of MDMA has been linked to cognitive problems, particularly to deficits in long-term memory and learning. Recent studies with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H(More)
We investigated DTI changes, potentially indicating alterations of microstructure and brain tissue integrity in 13 patients with probable progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP, Richardson syndrome) at stage III or less and 10 age-matched controls using a whole brain analysis of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data. DTI images were analyzed using tract-based(More)
The purpose of the present study was to longitudinally track changes of metabolite markers detectable by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and to analyze these changes with respect to the rate of cognitive decline and clinical disease progression. Fifteen subjects with MCI and 12 healthy elderly controls(More)
PURPOSE Metabolic changes upon antiangiogenic therapy of recurrent glioblastomas (rGBMs) may provide new biomarkers for treatment efficacy. Since in vitro models showed that phospholipid membrane metabolism provides specific information on tumor growth we employed in-vivo MR-spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) of human rGBMs before and under bevacizumab (BVZ) to(More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) has provided evidence for a reduction of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) in the medial temporal lobe (MTL) in cerebral disorders such as Alzheimer's Disease. Within the (1)H-MRS study of the German Research Network on Dementia, we determined the multicenter reproducibility of single-voxel (1)H-MRS of the MTL. At(More)
OBJECT The limiting factor affecting accuracy during gamma knife surgery is image quality. The new generation of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging units with field strength up to 3 teslas promise superior image quality for anatomical resolution and contrast. There are, however, questions about chemical shifts or susceptibility effects, which are the subject(More)
OBJECTIVE Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) has been considered to be a frontal variant of thalamocortical network dysfunction in epilepsy. Changes of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurotransmission may play a key role in this dysfunction. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is the only noninvasive method to measure GABA concentrations in different(More)
Mutations in the PINK1 gene cause autosomal recessive familial Parkinson's disease (PD). The gene encodes a mitochondrial protein kinase that plays an important role in maintaining mitochondrial function and integrity. However, the pathophysiological link between mutation-related bioenergetic deficits and the degenerative process in dopaminergic neurons(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to evaluate autoregulatory mechanisms in different vascular territories within the first week after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) by perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (PW-MRI). For this purpose, regional cerebral blood flow and volume (rCVF and rCBV) were measured in relation to different(More)