Ulrich Pfeiffer

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Objective: Transpulmonary double-indicator dilution is a useful monitoring technique for measurement of intrathoracic blood volume (ITBV) and extravascular lung water (EVLW). In this study, we compared a simpler approach using single arterial thermodilution derived measurements of ITBV and EVLW with the double-indicator dilution technique.¶Design:(More)
In order to evaluate the complications and risk factors associated with peripheral arterial catheters used for haemodynamic monitoring, we reviewed the literature published from 1978 to 2001. We closely examined the three most commonly used arterial cannulation sites. The reviewed papers included a total of 19,617 radial, 3899 femoral and 1989 axillary(More)
Positive pressure ventilation in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) may render the interpretation of central venous pressure (CVP) or pulmonary wedge pressure (PCWP) difficult as indicators of circulating volume. The preload component of cardiac (CI) and stroke index (SI) is also influenced by the increased intrathoracic pressures of positive(More)
BACKGROUND Ever since Charles Baxter's recommendations the standard regime for burn shock resuscitation remains crystalloid infusion at a rate of 4 ml/kg/% burn in the first 24h following the thermal injury. A growing number of studies on invasive monitoring in burn shock, however, have raised a debate regarding the adequacy of this regime. The purpose of(More)
Laser-induced fluorescence of indocyanine green (ICG) is a new method for evaluating skin perfusion, which is superior to conventional fluorescein angiography. In a prospective clinical study ICG fluorescence video-angiography was used for the intraoperative evaluation of skin-flap perfusion. The results of ICG imaging were compared with clinical outcome 1(More)
Live Pseudomonas aeruginosa (2.5.10(9).kg-1.h-1) were administered to awake (Group A, n = 10) and anesthetized piglets, which were given intravenous ketamine (Group K, 10 mg.kg-1.h-1, n = 8) or pentobarbital (Group P, 15 mg.kg-1.h-1, n = 8). The anesthetized animals were mechanically ventilated. In addition, a pentobarbital group (Group CP, n = 6) and a(More)
In a prospective, clinical study, the clinical utility of indocyanine green for intraoperative monitoring of free tissue transfer was evaluated. The study comprised 20 surgical patients undergoing elective microsurgical procedures. Indocyanine green angiography was performed intraoperatively, immediately after flap inset, and the operating team was blind to(More)
OBJECTIVE Bedside monitoring of circulating blood volume has become possible with the introduction of an integrated fiberoptic monitoring system that calculates blood volume from the changes in blood concentration of indocyanine green dye 4 mins after injection. The aim of this investigation was to compare the blood volume estimate of the integrated(More)