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Previous electrophysiological studies had found an early anterior negativity often with a maximum over the left hemisphere to correlate with the early detection of an error in the syntactic structure of a sentence. In this paper, the cortical structures involved in such early syntactic parsing processes were localized using MEG. Subjects were presented with(More)
The 3′-termini of the genome of four German isolates of sugarcane mosaic potyvirus (SCMV) were cloned and sequenced. The sequence data covered the 3′ non-coding region (3′NCR), coat protein and part of the nuclear inclusion b (NIb) genes of the isolates. Comparisons of the sequences revealed that the investigated isolates are very closely related. An(More)
We investigated the influence of noise on brain responses to spoken sentences in MEG. Sixteen subjects had to listen to acoustically presented sentences and judge their syntactic correctness. Sentences were either presented on a silent background or with noise. Noise had differential effects on early auditory and syntactic processes. While noise affected(More)
Neuromagnetic fields were recorded from the left cerebral hemisphere of six healthy right-handed subjects under three different conditions: (1) externally triggered rapid voluntary extension and flexion of the right hand, (2) passive extension and flexion of the right hand, and (3) stimulation of the skin of the right index finger by means of air pressure.(More)
Brain processes underlying spoken language comprehension comprise auditory encoding, prosodic analysis and linguistic evaluation. Auditory encoding usually activates both hemispheres while language-specific stages are lateralized: analysis of prosodic cues are right-lateralized while linguistic evaluation is left-lateralized. Here, we investigated to what(More)
Studies based on whole-head MEG recordings are providing more and more impressive results. In such recordings, the MEG sensors are several centimeters away from the scalp and the positions of the MEG sensors with respect to the head differ from subject to subject, and from session to session for the same subject. In this paper, a method is presented and(More)
Introduction The discovery by M. Gromov of negatively curved metric spaces and groups Gro87] has strongly innuenced geometric topology and combinatorial group theory. Spaces which are negatively curved generalize hyperbolic manifolds, and they share many of the geometric features of hyperbolic manifolds. For example, in a compact, negatively curved space(More)
We classify isotopy classes of automorphisms (self-homeomorphisms) of 3-manifolds satisfying the Thurston Geometrization Conjecture. The classification is similar to the classification of automorphisms of surfaces developed by Nielsen and Thurston, except an automorphism of a reducible manifold must first be written as a suitable composition of two(More)
Herein, we present a new paradigm in the engineering of nanostructured hybrids between conjugated polymer and inorganic materials via a chain-growth surface-initiated Kumada catalyst-transfer polycondensation (SI-KCTP) from particles. Poly(3-hexylthiophene), P3HT, a benchmark material for organic electronics, was selectively grown by SI-KCTP from(More)
We describe a new method to grow conductive polymer (CP) brushes of regioregular head-to-tail poly(3-alkylthiophenes) (P3AT) via surface-initiated polycondensation of 2-bromo-5-chloromagnesio-3-alkylthiophene. A simple procedure for the preparation of the Ni(II) macroinitiator by the reaction of Ni(PPh3)4 with photocross-linked poly-4-bromostyrene films was(More)