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The smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) system is much more sensitive to target motion perturbations during pursuit than during fixation. This sensitivity is commonly attributed to a dynamic gain control mechanism. Neither the neural substrate nor the functional architecture for this gain control has been fully revealed. There are at least two cortical areas(More)
We investigate a non-linear network with two processing stages optimized to reduce the statistical dependencies in natural images. This network serves as a model for the neural information processing in the higher visual areas of primates (visual cortices V2-V4). The resulting population is analyzed with regard to non-linear selectivity and invariance(More)
Linear operations can only partially exploit the statistical redundancies of natural scenes, and nonlinear operations are ubiquitous in visual cortex. However, neither the detailed function of the nonlinearities nor the higher-order image statistics are yet fully understood. We suggest that these complicated issues can not be tackled by one single approach,(More)
Several regions of the brain are involved in smooth-pursuit eye movement (SPEM) control, including the cortical areas MST (medial superior temporal) and FEF (frontal eye field). It has been shown that the eye-movement responses to a brief perturbation of the visual target during ongoing pursuit increases with higher pursuit velocities. To further(More)
Smooth pursuit eye movements are used to continuously track slowly moving visual objects. A peculiar property of the smooth pursuit system is the nonlinear increase in sensitivity to changes in target motion with increasing pursuit velocities. We investigated the role of the frontal eye fields (FEFs) in this dynamic gain control mechanism by application of(More)
MSTd neurons in the behaving monkey were investigated during step-ramp smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM), short perturbations of the small visual target during ongoing pursuit, and large-field visual stimulation inducing ocular following responses (OFR). Neurons responded with short latencies to visual motion during OFR. In contrast the non-retinal(More)
Linear filtering is a basic concept in neural models of early sensory information processing. In particular the visual system has been described to perform a wavelet-like multi-channel decomposition by a set of independent spatial-frequency selective filter mechanisms. Here we suggest that this principle of linear filtering deserves a critical(More)
Two cortical areas that crucially contribute to the generation and maintenance of smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM) are the medial superior temporal area (MST) and the pursuit area of the frontal eye fields (FEF). They both project to the brainstem premotor structures via different parallel pathways. A special property of the pursuit system is the(More)
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