Learn More
A deficiency of arylsulfatase A (ASA) causes the lysosomal storage disease metachromatic leukodystrophy, which is characterized by accumulation of the sphingolipid 3-O-sulfogalactosylceramide (sulfatide). Sphingolipid storage results in progressive demyelination and severe neurologic symptoms. The disease is lethal, and curative therapy is not available. To(More)
The inherited deficiency of arylsulfatase A (ASA) causes lysosomal accumulation of sulfoglycolipids (mainly sulfo-galactosylceramide, S-GalCer ) and leads to metachromatic leukodystrophy in humans. Among visceral organs, kidneys are particularly affected. In the present study, the regional distribution and temporal development of sulfoglycolipid storage in(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a lysosomal storage disease that is caused by a deficiency of arylsulfatase A (ASA). The deficiency results in the intralysosomal accumulation of the acidic sphingolipid 3-O-sulfogalactosyl-ceramide (sulfatide). Patients suffer from progressive demyelination and die from multiple neurological deficits. Curative(More)
Inherited deficiencies of lysosomal hydrolases cause lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) that are characterized by a progressive multisystemic pathology and premature death. Repeated intravenous injection of the active counterpart of the deficient enzyme, a treatment strategy called enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), evolved as a clinical option for several(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficiency of arylsulphatase A (ASA; EC Deficiency of this enzyme causes intralysosomal storage of the sphingolipid cerebroside sulphate. This lipid is abundant in myelin and it may thus not be surprising that storage mainly affects oligodendrocytes. Patients suffer(More)
A deficiency of arylsulfatase A (ASA) causes the lysosomal storage disease metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) which is characterized primarily by demyelination of the central nervous system. ASA-deficient mice develop a disease which resembles MLD in many respects and thus serve as an appropriate animal model for this disease. To establish gene therapy(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is an inherited lysosomal storage disorder resulting from a functional deficiency of arylsulfatase A (ARSA), an enzyme that catalyzes desulfation of 3-O-sulfogalactosylceramide (sulfatide). Lack of active ARSA leads to the accumulation of sulfatide in oligodendrocytes, Schwann cells and some neurons and triggers(More)
Arylsulfatase A is a lysosomal enzyme that is involved in the degradation of sulfated glycolipids. High levels of arylsulfatase A mRNA are found in germ cells of mouse testis. In late pachytene and secondary spermatocytes the level of arylsulfatase A mRNA is increased 20-fold when compared with other tissues. These high levels of arylsulfatase A mRNA are(More)
Lysosomal enzymes containing mannose 6-phosphate recognition markers are sorted to lysosomes by mannose 6-phosphate receptors (MPRs). The physiological importance of this targeting mechanism is illustrated by I-cell disease, a fatal lysosomal storage disorder caused by the absence of mannose 6-phosphate residues in lysosomal enzymes. Most mammalian cells(More)
In mammals, the sorting of newly synthesized lysosomal enzymes is accomplished by two mannose 6-phosphate receptors (MPR) designated MPR46 and MPR300. MPR300 has an additional function in clearing the nonglycosylated insulin-like growth factor II (IGFII). The distinct expression pattern of the two MPR has been ascribed to the control of MPR300 expression by(More)