Ulrich Limper

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OBJECTIVE Aims of this study were: 1) to determine cardiac output by inert gas rebreathing (CO(reb)) during transition into 0 Gz in the standing position; and 2) to compare impedance cardiography (ICG) and pulse contour method (PCM) with CO(reb) as a reference method. METHODS We measured baseline CO(reb) and heart rate (HR) on the ground, and CO(reb),(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of noninvasive health monitoring in space increased as a result of the long-duration missions on the International Space Station (ISS). In order to monitor changes in cardiovascular indices such as cardiac output (CO) and total peripheral resistance (TPR), many methods have been developed using signal processing and mathematical(More)
Commercial parabolic flights accessible to customers with a wide range of health states will become more prevalent in the near future because of a growing private space flight sector. However, parabolic flights present the passengers’ cardiovascular system with a combination of stressors, including a moderately hypobaric hypoxic ambient environment (HH) and(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to acceleration can cause petechial hemorrhages, called G measles. Petechiae usually start to develop between 5 and 9 G with a high interindividual variance. Centrifuge training delays the onset to higher G levels. One might expect onset at lower G levels after bed rest; however, there is no evidence in the literature. A case of(More)
Exposure to the microgravity environment results in various adaptive and maladaptive physiological changes in the human body, with notable ophthalmic abnormalities developing during 6-mo missions on the International Space Station (ISS). These findings have led to the hypothesis that the loss of gravity induces a cephalad fluid shift, decreased cerebral(More)
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