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Syntrophins are modular proteins belonging to the dystrophin associated glycoprotein complex and are thought to be involved in the regulation of the muscular system. Screening of peptide libraries revealed selectivity of the synotrophin PDZ domain toward the motif R/K/Q-E-S/T-X-V-COO- found to be highly conserved in the alpha-subunit C-terminus of(More)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) constitute an attractive therapeutic target given their essential role in controlling autoimmunity. However, recent animal studies provide evidence for functional heterogeneity and lineage plasticity within the Treg compartment. To understand better the plasticity of human Tregs in the context of type 1 diabetes, we characterized(More)
Regulatory T-cells (Treg) have been the focus of immunologic research due to their role in establishing tolerance for harmless antigens versus allowing immune responses against foes. Increased Treg frequencies measured by mRNA expression or protein synthesis of the Treg marker FOXP3 were found in various cancers, indicating that dysregulation of Treg levels(More)
The proline-rich domain of synaptojanin 1, a synaptic protein with phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity, binds to amphiphysin and to a family of recently discovered proteins known as the SH3p4/8/13, the SH3-GL, or the endophilin family. These interactions are mediated by SH3 domains and are believed to play a regulatory role in synaptic vesicle(More)
Positionally addressable syntheses of peptides on continuous cellulose membranes (spot synthesis) have often been reported in detail, but important questions dealing with synthesis quality, reproducibility and subsequent binding assays have largely been under-emphasized. In this report we have investigated some of these problems. The most important results(More)
The immune system plays a pivotal role in tumor establishment. However, the role of T-lymphocytes within the tumor microenvironment as major cellular component of the adaptive effector immune response and their counterpart, regulatory T-cells (Treg), responsible for suppressive immune modulation, is not completely understood. This is partly due to the lack(More)
The single mutation L30 K in the Hu-Yap65 WW domain increased the stability of the complex with the peptide GTPPPPYTVG (K(d)=40(+/-5) microM). Here we report the refined solution structure of this complex by NMR spectroscopy and further derived structure-activity relationships by using ligand peptide libraries with truncated sequences and a substitution(More)
BACKGROUND The imbalance between Th17 and Treg cells has been studied in various diseases including allergic asthma but their roles have not been fully understood in the development of the late phase asthmatic response. OBJECTIVES To determine changes in Th17 and Treg cell numbers between isolated early responders (ERs) and dual responders (DRs)(More)
The adaptive immune system is involved in tumor establishment and aggressiveness. Tumors of the ovaries, an immune-privileged organ, spread via transceolomic routes and rarely to distant organs. This is contrary to tumors of non-immune privileged organs, which often disseminate hematogenously to distant organs. Epigenetics-based immune cell quantification(More)
We identified evolutionary pathways for the inter- conversion of three sequentially and structurally unrelated peptides, GATPEDLNQKL, GLYEWGGARI and FDKEWNLIEQN, binding to the same site of the hypervariable region of the anti-p24 (HIV-1) monoclonal antibody CB4-1. Conversion of these peptides into each other could be achieved in nine or 10 single amino(More)