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Volumes of the hippocampal formation, external and internal pallidum, caudate, putamen, and nucleus accumbens were measured in both hemispheres of recently collected post-mortem brains of 18 chronically ill schizophrenics and 21 control subjects. In the schizophrenic group, the hippocampal formation and the internal pallidum were significantly smaller in(More)
The vestibular system of the inner ear is responsible for the perception of motion and gravity. Key elements of this organ are otoconia, tiny biomineral particles in the utricle and the saccule. In response to gravity or linear acceleration, otoconia deflect the stereocilia of the hair cells, thus transducing kinetic movements into sensorineural action(More)
The secreted glycoprotein WNT1 is expressed in the caudal midbrain and is essential for proper development of the entire mid-/hindbrain region. To get better insights into Wnt1 function in the mid-/hindbrain region, we ectopically expressed Wnt1 under the control of the endogenous En1 promoter, thereby extending Wnt1 expression rostrally into the anterior(More)
PURPOSE To label human hematopoietic progenitor cells with various magnetic resonance (MR) imaging contrast agents and to obtain 1.5-T MR images of them. MATERIALS AND METHODS Hematopoietic progenitor cells, labeled with ferumoxides, ferumoxtran, magnetic polysaccharide nanoparticles-transferrin, P7228 liposomes, and gadopentetate dimeglumine liposomes(More)
Platelet adhesion and aggregation at sites of vascular injury is crucial for hemostasis but may lead to arterial occlusion in the setting of atherosclerosis and precipitate diseases such as myocardial infarction. A current hypothesis suggests that platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib interaction with von Willebrand factor recruits flowing platelets to the injured(More)
The homing and differentiation mechanisms of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) at sites of vascular lesions are unclear. To investigate whether platelets play a role in the recruitment and differentiation of EPCs, we made use of a robust mouse embryonic EPC (eEPC) line that reliably differentiates to a mature endothelial phenotype. We found that platelets(More)
BACKGROUND The Long-Evans cinnamon (LEC) rat has a mutation homologous to the human Wilson's disease gene, leading to copper-induced hepatotoxicity. The mechanism of how excess copper damages the liver or what chemical form of copper is toxic is still unclear. RESULTS In liver cytosol, copper levels were highest just before the onset of hepatitis and(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been demonstrated that positron emission tomography (PET) predicts the functional recovery of viable but ischemically compromised myocardium. Reversible contractile dysfunction after revascularization has been reported for 'hibernating myocardium' and stunned myocardium, however, there are little data concerning the time-course and the(More)
Osteoblast cells, recruited from mesenchymal precursors, initiate the final phase of bone remodeling by secreting the protein components of the bone matrix. Upon completion of remodeling, some of these osteoblasts may further differentiate, giving rise to matrix-embedded osteocytes and bone lining cells. The fate of the remaining osteoblasts is unknown,(More)
Platelet adhesion and activation at the vascular wall are the initial steps leading to arterial thrombosis and vascular occlusion. Prostacyclin and nitric oxide inhibit platelet adhesion, acting via cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)- and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-dependent protein kinases. A major downstream target for both cAMP- and(More)