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BACKGROUND Despite their potential for increased morbidity, 75% to 90% of asthmatic children do not receive influenza vaccination. Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), a cold-adapted, temperature-sensitive, trivalent influenza vaccine, is approved for prevention of influenza in healthy children 5 to 19 years of age. LAIV has been studied in only a(More)
BACKGROUND Influenza-associated myositis (IAM) is an infrequent and poorly known complication of influenza virus infection in children. The aim of this study was to describe five cases of IAM and to review the literature on IAM in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted a retrospective analysis of cases of IAM diagnosed at two university children's(More)
OBJECTIVE Intussusception (IS) is one of the most common paediatric emergencies, and the best mode of conservative reduction and its exact incidence remains unclear. For different reasons, availability of reliable incidence data are useful and additionally may be fundamental to monitor potential effects of recently introduced rotavirus (RV) vaccines. (More)
To evaluate protection against vaccine-preventable diseases in medical students, we obtained data on immunization status and history of diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis, measles, mumps, rubella, varicella and hepatitis B from students with elective periods in our institution. Further, serum antibodies against measles, mumps, rubella and(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of the trial was to determine the efficacy of a multicomponent acellular pertussis vaccine against Bordetella illnesses in comparison with a whole-cell product and DT. DESIGN In a randomized, double-blind fashion, 2- to 4-month-old infants received 4 doses of either DTP or DTaP vaccine at 3, 4.5, 6, and 15 to 18 months of age. The(More)
There is a number of reports on varicella outbreaks in populations where a one dose varicella immunization program has been implemented. We performed a metaanalysis to provide a summary vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimate and to assess the possible impact of waning immunity by means of a subgroup analysis by time since immunization. We found a VE of 72.5%(More)
Children aged 9-11, 12-14 or 15-17 months, respectively were vaccinated with a measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine and serum antibody responses and reactogenicity were compared. The data of 118 children could be analysed (group 1=9-11 months, n=46; group 2=12-14 months, n=29, group 3, 15-17 months, n=43). The only significant difference observed was(More)
Pertussis is a frequent and significant illness in adults. Because acellular pertussis vaccines for use in adolescents and adults have now been developed, it is important to compare serologic responses in adults after infection with serologic responses in adults after vaccination. We measured IgG and IgA antibodies to 4 Bordetella pertussis antigens at(More)
In a large pertussis vaccine efficacy trial in Germany, vaccinees and/or their family members were seen if a cough illness of >14 days was reported. Evidence of recent Bordetella pertussis infection included a positive culture and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and/or significant antibody values in agglutination and/or ELISA assay. From July 1991(More)