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An anthropomorphic hand arm system using variable stiffness actuation has been developed at DLR. It is aimed to reach its human archetype regarding size, weight and performance. The main focus of our development is put on robustness, dynamic performance and dexterity. Therefore, a paradigm change from impedance controlled, but mechanically stiff joints to(More)
PURPOSE Research on surgical robotics demands systems for evaluating scientific approaches. Such systems can be divided into dedicated and versatile systems. Dedicated systems are designed for a single surgical task or technique, whereas versatile systems are designed to be expandable and useful in multiple surgical applications. Versatile systems are often(More)
The paper presents a new torque-controlled lightweight robot for medical procedures developed at the Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics of the German Aerospace Center. Based on the experiences in lightweight robotics and anthropomorphic robotic hands, a small robot arm with 7 axis and torque-controlled joints tailored to surgical procedures has been(More)
This paper presents a novel system for accurate placement of pedicle screws. The system consists of a new light-weight (<10 kg), kinematically redundant, and fully torque controlled robot. Additionally, the pose of the robot tool-center point is tracked by an optical navigation system, serving as an external reference source. Therefore, it is possible to(More)
The requirements for an ideal telemanipulator (i.e., robot and surgical instrument) are derived. An overview on telemanipulators reported in literature is given. The new robot for telepresence surgery developed by German Aerospace Center (DLR) is presented in detail in the "DLR Robot" section. Surgical instruments equipped with miniaturized force-torque(More)
Robotic surgery systems are highly complex and expensive pieces of equipment. Demands for lower cost of care can be met if these systems are employable in a flexible manner for a large variety of procedures. To protect the initial investment the capabilities of a robotic system need to be expandable as new tasks arise.
Surgery is a rapidly evolving field of applications for robotic systems. Different surgical applications, techniques and workflows as well as varying operating room setups and control methods can be realised by separate specialised ro-botic systems. In contrast, the DLR MiroSurge robotic system focuses on the aspects of versatility and modularity for a(More)
This paper presents the design and control of the sigma.7 haptic device and the new surgical console of the MiroSurge robotic system. The console and the haptic devices are designed with respect to requirements in minimally invasive robotic surgery. Dedicated left and right handed devices are integrated in an operator console in an ergonomic configuration.(More)
In this paper, a generic approach to optimize the design of an actuated carrier for the DLR multi-arm surgical system is presented. The carrier is attached to the ceiling of the operating room and provides additional degrees of freedom to the surgical robots with the purpose of automatic, optimal positioning of their bases as well as guaranteeing high(More)