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The use of advanced patch-clamp recording techniques in brain slices, such as simultaneous recording from multiple neurons and recording from dendrites or presynaptic terminals, demands slices of the highest quality. In this context the mechanics of the tissue slicer are an important factor. Ideally, a tissue slicer should generate large-amplitude and(More)
In inside-out patches from cultured neonatal rat heart cells, single Na+ channel currents were analyzed under the influence of the cardiotonic compound DPI 201-106 (DPI), a putative novel channel modifier. In absence of DPI, normal cardiac single Na+ channels studied at -30 mV have one open state which is rapidly left with a rate constant of 826.5 sec -1 at(More)
In patch-clamped membranes from neonatal rat cardiocytes, elementary Na+ currents were recorded at 19 degrees C for study of the inhibitory influence of several antiarrhythmic drugs including lidocaine, diprafenone, propafenone, and prajmalium on DPI-modified cardiac Na+ channels. Diprafenone (20 mumol/l) and lidocaine (300 mumol/l) induced a voltage- and(More)
Spontaneous postsynaptic currents (PSCs) provide key information about the mechanisms of synaptic transmission and the activity modes of neuronal networks. However, detecting spontaneous PSCs in vitro and in vivo has been challenging, because of the small amplitude, the variable kinetics, and the undefined time of generation of these events. Here, we(More)
The effect of antidiuretic hormone [( Arg]vasopressin, ADH) on intracellular calcium activity [Ca2+]i of isolated perfused rabbit cortical thick ascending limb (cTAL) segments was investigated with the calcium fluorescent dye fura-2. The fluorescence emission ratio at 500-530 nm (R) was monitored as a measure of [Ca2+]i after excitation at 335 nm and 380(More)
Increases of cytosolic Ca2+, as occur with agonists such as ATP, neurotensin (NT), hypotonic cell swelling and ionomycin, enhance the membrane conductance (GM) and hence the input conductance (GI) of HT29 cells. In the present study we have examined whether these increases in GM are paralleled by exocytosis. To this end the membrane capacitance (CM) of HT29(More)
In the luminal membrane of rat cortical collecting duct (CCD) a big Ca(2+)-dependent and a small Ca(2+)-independent K+ channel have been described. Whereas the latter most likely is responsible for the K+ secretion in this nephron segment, the function of the large-conductance K+ channel is unknown. The regulation of this channel and its possible(More)
The study of ion conductances in the intact cortical collecting duct (CCD) with the patch-clamp method is rather difficult. An optimized method to isolate CCD cells from rat kidneys using an in vivo followed by an in vitro enzyme digestion is described. Individual CCD segments were collected after this digestion and incubated in EGTA-buffered medium. This(More)
Elementary Na+ currents through single cardiac Na+ channels were recorded at 19 degrees C in patch clamp experiments with cultured neonatal rat cardiocytes. The metabolites of the glycolytic pathway, 2,3-diphosphoglycerate and glyceraldehyde phosphate, were identified as a novel class of modulators of Na+ channel activity. In micromolar concentrations (1-10(More)