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The use of advanced patch-clamp recording techniques in brain slices, such as simultaneous recording from multiple neurons and recording from dendrites or presynaptic terminals, demands slices of the highest quality. In this context the mechanics of the tissue slicer are an important factor. Ideally, a tissue slicer should generate large-amplitude and(More)
Elementary Na+ currents through single cardiac Na+ channels were recorded at 19 degrees C in patch clamp experiments with cultured neonatal rat cardiocytes. The metabolites of the glycolytic pathway, 2,3-diphosphoglycerate and glyceraldehyde phosphate, were identified as a novel class of modulators of Na+ channel activity. In micromolar concentrations (1-10(More)
Spontaneous postsynaptic currents (PSCs) provide key information about the mechanisms of synaptic transmission and the activity modes of neuronal networks. However, detecting spontaneous PSCs in vitro and in vivo has been challenging, because of the small amplitude, the variable kinetics, and the undefined time of generation of these events. Here, we(More)
In patch-clamped membranes from neonatal rat cardiocytes, elementary Na+ currents were recorded at 19 degrees C for study of the inhibitory influence of several antiarrhythmic drugs including lidocaine, diprafenone, propafenone, and prajmalium on DPI-modified cardiac Na+ channels. Diprafenone (20 mumol/l) and lidocaine (300 mumol/l) induced a voltage- and(More)
The luminal membrane of principal cells of rat cortical collecting duct (CCD) is dominated by a K+ conductance. Two different K+ channels are described for this membrane. K+ secretion probably occurs via a small-conductance Ca(2+)-independent channel. The function of the second, large-conductance Ca(2+)-dependent channel is unclear. This study examines(More)
In inside-out patches from cultured neonatal rat heart cells, single Na+ channel currents were analyzed under the influence of the cardiotonic compound DPI 201-106 (DPI), a putative novel channel modifier. In absence of DPI, normal cardiac single Na+ channels studied at -30 mV have one open state which is rapidly left with a rate constant of 826.5 sec -1 at(More)
Ion channel current amplitudes (mu) and open probabilities (Po) have been analysed so far by defining a 50% threshold to distinguish between open and closed states of the channels. With this standard method (SM) it is very difficult or even impossible to analyse channels of different size in one membrane patch correctly. A stochastical model, named the(More)
In cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells, elementary K+ currents were studied in cell-attached and inside-out patches using the standard patch-clamp technique. Two different cationic channels were found, a large channel with a mean unitary conductance of 150 +/- 10 pS and a small channel with a mean unitary conductance of 12.5 +/- 1.1 pS. The 150-pS(More)
Patch clamp recordings from neonatal cardiac Na+ channels treated with N-bromoacetamide (NBA, 5-50 X 10- mol/l) showed modified Na+ channel activity. By chemical removal of inactivation, repetitive openings with an increased life time and burst-like activity occurred. NBA-modified Na+ channels differ in life time and may attain either a slightly (mean open(More)
The influence of the novel cardiotonic diphenylpiperazinylindole derivative, the racemic DPI 201-106, on cardiac Na+ channels was studied in conventional microelectrode experiments on papillary muscles of guinea pigs and in patch clamp experiments using inside-out patches excised from cultured neonatal rat cardiocytes. The maximal rate of rise (Vmax) of(More)