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Endoscopic high-speed laryngoscopy in combination with image analysis strategies is the most promising approach to investigate the interrelation between vocal fold vibrations and voice disorders. So far, due to the lack of an objective and standardized analysis procedure a unique characterization of vocal fold vibrations has not been achieved yet. We(More)
Investigation of voice disorders requires the examination of vocal fold vibrations. State of the art is the recording of endoscopic high-speed movies which capture vocal fold vibrations in real-time. It enables investigating the interrelation between disturbances of vocal fold vibrations and voice disorders. However, the lack of clinical studies and of a(More)
The detection of cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEP), which are part of the electroencephalogram (EEG) in reaction to acoustic stimuli, has important applications such as determining objective audiograms. The detection is usually performed by a human operator, with support from often basic signal processing methods. This paper presents a novel(More)
For the diagnosis of voice disorders, and especially for the classification of hoarseness, direct observation of vocal fold vibration is essential. Furthermore, a quantitative description of the movement of the vocal fold becomes increasingly necessary to document and compare findings as well as the progression of speech therapy. On the base of digital(More)
The evaluation of diagnostics and therapies includes more and more subjective, i.e. emotional and social aspects. Focussing on the handicap experienced by dysphonic patients, the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) has previously been found to be of significant clinical and scientific value for different voices. In this study the VHI questionnaire was applied to(More)
This report is on direct observation and modal analysis of irregular spatio-temporal vibration patterns of vocal fold pathologies in vivo. The observed oscillation patterns are described quantitatively with multiline kymograms, spectral analysis, and spatio-temporal plots. The complex spatio-temporal vibration patterns are decomposed by empirical orthogonal(More)
A technique is described which allows faster evaluation of brain-stem-evoked responses (BER) than the conventional method. It is based on a pseudorandom arrangement of the click stimuli in "maximum length sequences' (MLS). In this way, the responses to each click stimulation can overlap with the responses to other clicks. A simple deconvolution of the(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Automatic voice evaluation is usually performed on stable sections of sustained vowels, which often cannot capture hoarseness properly. The measures cepstral peak prominence (CPP) and smoothed CPP (CPPS) do not require exact determination of the cycles of fundamental frequency like established perturbation-based measures. They can also(More)
In comparison with laryngeal voice, substitute voice after laryngectomy is characterized by restricted aero-acoustic properties. Until now, an objective means of prosodic differences between substitute and normal voices does not exist. In a pilot study, we applied an automatic prosody analysis module to 18 speech samples of laryngectomees (age: 64.2 +/- 8.3(More)