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Specific binding sites for 3H dihydrotestosterone are demonstrated by autoradiography in brain nuclei of sex reversed mice heterozygous for testicular feminization (Tfm) which are phenotypically intersexes with testes and accessory sex glands that consist of a mosaic of androgen insensitive Tfm cells which lack specific dihydrotestosterone binding and(More)
The present study provides a detailed anatomical description of estrogen target cells in the mouse forebrain and pituitary gland during the sexual imprinting stage of the brain. Six 2-day-old mice (3 males and 3 females) were s.c. injected with 16 alpha-[125I]iodo-11 beta-methoxy-17 beta-estradiol ([125I]MIE2) and two additional mice (one male and one(More)
In embryonic tissues a primitive cholinergic system is transiently expressed during morphogenesis. In the chick limb bud expression of the primitive cholinergic system in mesenchyme and central chondrogenic core precedes the appearance of the definitive cholinergic system in nerve and muscle. Here we show that, parallel to the expression of cholinesterase(More)
BACKGROUND A primary cutaneous melanoma will not kill the patient, but its metastases. Since in vitro studies on melanoma cells in 2-D cultures do often not reflect reality, 3-D models might come closer to the physiological situation in the patient during cancer initiation and progression. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Here, we describe the chick embryo(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) stem cells isolated from the subventricular zone (SVZ) show a remarkable differentiation potential into neural derivatives. Surprisingly adult SVZ cells can also be induced in vitro to differentiate into neural crest cell fates. This fate switch is dependent on the combination of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and bone(More)
PURPOSE In the embryonic lens, cells of the anterior epithelium proliferate, migrate through the equatorial zone, and elongate to form primary lens fibers at the posterior pole. During this stage of development, cholinesterase (ChE) activity has been described as in other embryonic tissues implicated in morphogenesis. The purpose of the study was to(More)
The distribution of radioactivity after injection of [3H]testosterone was studied in the forebrain of adult mice by thaw-mount autoradiography. Nuclear labeling was high in neurons in the dorsal part of the medial nucleus of the amygdala and in the dorsocaudal part of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Low nuclear uptake occurred in the medial(More)
AIMS In a previous study we observed impaired smooth muscle in the uterosacral ligament (USL) of patients with pelvic organ prolapse. The aims of the study were to describe the method of the novel microperfusion system and to determine normal function and pharmacology of smooth muscle in the USL. METHODS Samples from the USL were obtained during(More)
Male, female and Tfm mice (testicular feminization) were injected with [3H]oestradiol or [3H]dihydrotestosterone, and autoradiograms prepared of male accessory sex organs and of the cervico-vaginal portion of the female reproductive tract. After injection of [3H]oestradiol in male, female and Tfm animals a nuclear concentration of radioactivity was found in(More)