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The distribution of androgen and estrogen binding sites in the mouse epididymis was assessed by autoradiography with 3H dihydrotestosterone (3H DHT) and 3H estradiol (3H E2). Nuclear labeling with 3H DHT in principal cells of the epithelium is high in the caput, low in the corpus, and high again in the cauda. 3H E2 also binds to the nuclei of principal(More)
  • U Drews
  • 1975
I. Cholinesterase (ChE) activity was studied histochemically during early development of the sea urchin, the amphibian, the chick and the rat embryo. After formalin fixation and embedding in water-soluble carbowax, the enzyme reaction was carried out in serial section. 2. Independent from innervation ChE appears in every embryonic blastema in a very early(More)
  • G Bok, U Drews
  • 1983
In mammals formation of a sinus vagina is inhibited in the male by endogenous testosterone from the embryonic testes. To answer the question which morphogenetic events during formation of the vagina are influenced by testosterone, we explanted genital tracts of mouse embryos in the indifferent stage of development in organ culture. Half of the explants were(More)
Specific binding sites for 3H dihydrotestosterone are demonstrated by autoradiography in brain nuclei of sex reversed mice heterozygous for testicular feminization (Tfm) which are phenotypically intersexes with testes and accessory sex glands that consist of a mosaic of androgen insensitive Tfm cells which lack specific dihydrotestosterone binding and(More)
Testicular feminization (Tfm) in the mouse is characterized by androgen insensitivity of the target cells. We describe the presence of androgen-insensitive Tfm cells in the epididymis of mosaic mice produced by converting female carriers of the Tfm mutation (XTfm/X+) to males via the sex reversal factor (Sxr). The mosaic arises by random X-inactivation. In(More)
  • U Drews
  • 2007
The development of a vagina as a separate outlet of the birth canal evolves at the transition of egg laying species to eutherian mammals. The derivation of the vagina from the Wolffian and Müllerian ducts and the contribution of the urogenital sinus are still open questions. Here experiments with the complete androgen receptor defect in the testicular(More)
In melanoma cells of primary and metastatic human melanomas muscarinic cholinergic receptors are present. Muscarinic receptors were shown to be expressed in morphogenetically active embryonic cells. Therefore, the possibility exists that in melanomas an embryonic trait is re-expressed after transformation. In the present study, we demonstrated the presence(More)
Release of catecholamines, a Ca2(+)-dependent process, is the most useful biochemical marker in the diagnosis of neuroblastoma. Unfortunately, its stimulus is still unknown. We found that vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), in addition to acetylcholine and muscarine (but not nicotine), causes elevation of the cytoplasmic Ca2(+)-concentration in the(More)
Dissociated cells from the gonads and mesonephros of 8-day-old chicken embryos were reorganized in rotation culture. The aggregates obtained from gonadal cells exhibited specific morphologic and histologic sex differences. In the presence of estradiol, aggregates from testicular cells showed characteristics similar to control ovarian aggregates, while in(More)
OBJECTIVES Tumor cells are similar in many respects to embryonic cells, indicating that embryonic genes are reactivated during malignant growth. In previous studies, we observed muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, which are expressed in embryonic cells during morphogenesis and are also found in human melanomas and melanoma cell lines. We determined the(More)