Ulrich Desselberger

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In April 2008, a nucleotide-sequence-based, complete genome classification system was developed for group A rotaviruses (RVs). This system assigns a specific genotype to each of the 11 genome segments of a particular RV strain according to established nucleotide percent cutoff values. Using this approach, the genome of individual RV strains are given the(More)
Recently, a classification system was proposed for rotaviruses in which all the 11 genomic RNA segments are used (Matthijnssens et al. in J Virol 82:3204–3219, 2008). Based on nucleotide identity cut-off percentages, different genotypes were defined for each genome segment. A nomenclature for the comparison of complete rotavirus genomes was considered in(More)
The G and P genotypes of 3,601 rotavirus strains collected in the United Kingdom between 1995 and 1999 were determined (M. Iturriza-Gómara et al., J. Clin. Microbiol. 38:4394-4401, 2000). In 95.4% of the strains the most common G and P combinations, G1P[8], G2P[4], G3P[8], and G4P[8], were found. A small but significant number (2%) of isolates from the(More)
The data currently available on the epidemiology, severity and economic burden of nosocomial rotavirus (RV) infections in children younger than 5 years of age in the major European countries are reviewed. In most studies, RV was found to be the major etiologic agent of pediatric nosocomial diarrhea (31-87%), although the number of diarrhea cases associated(More)
Indirect immunofluorescence techniques targeting the rotavirus (RV) protein VP6 are used to differentiate RV species. The ICTV recognizes RV species A to E and two tentative species, F and G. A potential new RV species, ADRV-N, has been described. Phylogenetic trees and pairwise identity frequency graphs were constructed with more than 400 available VP6(More)
A reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) was established to amplify a 379-bp cDNA fragment (nucleotides 747 to 1126, coding for amino acids 241 to 367) of the VP6 gene of group A rotaviruses associated with subgroup (SG) specificity. Thirty-eight human rotavirus strains characterized with SG-specific monoclonal antibodies were subjected to VP6-specific RT-PCR,(More)
Rotavirus G10P[11] strains, which are commonly found in cattle, have frequently been associated with asymptomatic neonatal infections in India. We report the finding of G10P[11] strains associated with severe disease in neonates in Vellore, southern India. Rotavirus strains from 43 fecal samples collected from neonates with or without gastrointestinal(More)
Intussusception, a potentially lethal condition with poorly understood etiology, is the most common cause of acute intestinal obstruction in children younger than 5 years old. In some cases, the condition has been associated with administration of the first licensed rotavirus vaccine, the reassortant rhesus-human tetravalent rotavirus vaccine (RRV-TV;(More)
There is extensive antigenic and genomic diversity among co-circulating human rotaviruses. They are differentiated into groups, subgroups and types. There are at least 7 groups (A-G) and 4 subgroups within group A. To distinguish types within group A, a dual classification system has been established with the glycoprotein VP7 defining G types, and the(More)
We examined 41 human and animal rotavirus strains representative of all known P genotypes for their dependency on cellular N-acetylneuraminic (sialic) acid (SA) residues for infectivity. Our results showed that all rotaviruses studied, whether of animal or human origin, belonging to P genotypes [1], [2], [3], and [7] depended on SA residues on the cell(More)