Ulrich Blank

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Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is a genetically heterogeneous autosomal recessive immune disorder characterized by the occurrence of uncontrolled activation of lymphocytes and macrophages infiltrating multiple organs. Disease-causing mutations in the perforin (PRF1; also known as FHL2), Munc13-4 (UNC13D; also known as FHL3), and(More)
Mast cells upon stimulation through high affinity IgE receptors massively release inflammatory mediators by the fusion of specialized secretory granules (related to lysosomes) with the plasma membrane. Using the RBL-2H3 rat mast cell line, we investigated whether granule secretion involves components of the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor(More)
Serum IgA is considered a discrete housekeeper of the immune system with multiple anti-inflammatory functions, whereas IgA-immune complexes mediate inflammatory responses. Here, we identify FcalphaRI as a molecular device that determines the nature of IgA responses. In the absence of sustained aggregation, receptor targeting by serum IgA or anti-FcalphaRI(More)
The high-affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E, Fc epsilon RI, is found exclusively on mast cells and basophils. When multivalent allergens bind to the receptor-bound IgE, the consequent aggregation of the receptors leads to the release of mediators responsible for allergic symptoms. In rodents Fc epsilon RI is a tetrameric complex of non-covalently(More)
IgA is the most abundant immunoglobulin in mucosal areas but is only the second most common antibody isotype in serum because it is catabolized faster than IgG. IgA exists in monomeric and polymeric forms that function through receptors expressed on effector cells. Here, we show that IgA Fc receptor(s) (FcalphaR) are expressed with or without the gamma(More)
IgA Fc receptors (Fc alphaR) can mediate a variety of inflammatory responses. It has been demonstrated that the FcRgamma subunit is critical in mediating signaling through Fc alphaR. We show that aggregation of Fc alphaR on U937 cells and blood neutrophils results in tyrosine phosphorylation of several intracellular proteins, including the FcR gamma(More)
Inflammatory responses by mast cells are characterized by massive exocytosis of prestored granular mediators followed by cytokine/chemokine release. The vesicular trafficking mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. Vesicular-associated membrane protein-8 (VAMP-8), a member of the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF) attachment protein(More)
MC degranulation requires the influx of calcium from the extracellular environment. Orai1/STIM1 is essential to MC SOCE, as shown in rat peritoneal MCs, the rat MC lines (RBL-2H3), or in Orai1 null embryo liver-derived, cultured MCs. However, minimal information exists about the role of other calcium channels expressed on these cells. Here, we demonstrate(More)
Rab3 GTPases regulate exocytosis of neurons, endocrine and exocrine cells. In the present paper, we report a system to measure the guanine nucleotide status of Rab3 proteins in living cells. The assay is based on the ability of the Rab3 interacting molecule RIM to extract selectively the GTP-bound form of Rab3. Using this system, we found that approx. 20%(More)