Ulrich A. Walker

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BACKGROUND Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem autoimmune disease, which is classified into a diffuse cutaneous (dcSSc) and a limited cutaneous (lcSSc) subset according to the skin involvement. In order to better understand the vascular, immunological and fibrotic processes of SSc and to guide its treatment, the EULAR Scleroderma Trials And Research(More)
OBJECTIVE The 1980 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria for systemic sclerosis (SSc) lack sensitivity for early SSc and limited cutaneous SSc. The present work, by a joint committee of the ACR and the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR), was undertaken for the purpose of developing new classification criteria for SSc. (More)
BACKGROUND Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with an inadequate response to TNF antagonists (aTNFs) may switch to an alternative aTNF or start treatment from a different class of drugs, such as rituximab (RTX). It remains unclear in which clinical settings these therapeutic strategies offer most benefit. OBJECTIVE To analyse the effectiveness of RTX(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the causes and predictors of mortality in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS Patients with SSc (n=5860) fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology criteria and prospectively followed in the EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) cohort were analysed. EUSTAR centres completed a structured questionnaire on cause of death(More)
Mitochondrial encephalomyopathies are a heterogenous group of disorders with various biochemical defects of the respiratory chain (RC). Due to the considerable phenotypic diversity of the RC encephalomyopathies, they are included in the differential diagnosis of many cases of multisystem disease. Aside from clinical evaluation and family history, diagnosis(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive mutations in deoxyguanosine kinase (DGUOK) have been identified in the hepatocerebral form of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome. OBJECTIVES To describe the clinical spectrum of DGUOK-related mtDNA depletion syndrome in 6 children and to summarize the literature. RESULTS We identified pathogenic mutations in(More)
To investigate if possible mitochondrial injury can be found in adipose tissue of nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-treated patients, subcutaneous fat was taken from the buttocks of 24 HIV-positive patients and 8 HIV-negative controls. The content of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was quantified using a Southern blot technique. Fat(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify a core set of preliminary items considered as important for the very early diagnosis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS A list of items provided by European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Scleroderma Trial and Research(EUSTAR) centres were subjected to a Delphi exercise among 110 experts in the field of SSc. In round 1, experts(More)
Doxorubicin (adriamycin) is an effective drug in the treatment of many malignancies. Its prolonged use is, however, limited by an irreversible, dose-dependent and progressive cardiomyopathy, which may become evident even years after completion of therapy. Data from rats and humans show that oxidative phosphorylation is impaired rapidly after acute(More)
BACKGROUND Doxorubicin causes a chronic cardiomyopathy of unknown pathogenesis. We investigated whether acquired defects in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and interconnected respiratory chain dysfunction may represent a molecular mechanism for its late onset. METHODS AND RESULTS Rats were treated weekly with intravenous doxorubicin (1 mg/kg) for 7 weeks,(More)