Ullrich Wagner

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Recent studies indicated a selective activation during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep of the amygdala known to play a decisive role in the processing of emotional stimuli. This study compared memory retention of emotional versus neutral text material over intervals covering either early sleep known to be dominated by nonREM slow wave sleep (SWS) or late(More)
Improvement after practicing visual texture discrimination does not occur until several hours after practice has ended. We show that this improvement strongly depends on sleep. To specify the process responsible for sleep-related improvement, we compared the effects of 'early' and 'late' sleep, dominated respectively by slow-wave and rapid eye movement(More)
The tuberomammillary nucleus (TM), a cluster of magnocellular cells in the posterior hypothalamus, is the main source of neuronal histamine in the brain. Although this nucleus is well described in terms of anatomy and neurochemistry, only little is known about its function. Our earlier work showed that the TM projection system may be involved in behavioral(More)
OBJECTIVE Since Freud's "Interpretation of Dreams," sleep has been related to emotional functions, where dreams were assumed to play a cathartic role. In psychophysiological research, this role was attributed mainly to rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. The present study compared processing pictures with negative emotional impact over intervals covering either(More)
Tau is a neuronal microtubule-associated protein that appears to function in the formation and maintenance of axons by influencing microtubule organisation. Tau is a phosphoprotein and is more heavily phosphorylated in fetal than in adult brain, and is also hyperphosphorylated in Alzheimer's disease where it forms the major component of paired helical(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep after learning supports memory consolidation. However, long-lasting memory effects of sleep have not yet been investigated. Postlearning sleep may be particularly involved in the long-term retention of emotional memories and could thereby contribute to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a disease thought to result from(More)
Emotions are an indispensable part of our mental life. The term emotion regulation refers to those processes that influence the generation, the experience and the expression of emotions. There is a great variety of strategies to regulate emotions efficiently, which are used in daily life and that have been investigated by cognitive neuroscience. Distraction(More)
Guilt is a central moral emotion due to its inherent link to norm violations, thereby affecting both individuals and society. Furthermore, the nature and specificity of guilt is still debated in psychology and philosophy, particularly with regard to the differential involvement of self-referential representations in guilt relative to shame. Here, using(More)
To study the effects of phosphorylation by glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) on the ability of the microtubule-associated protein tau to promote microtubule self-assembly, tau isoform 1 (foetal tau) and three mutant forms of this tau isoform were investigated. The three mutant forms of tau had the following serine residues, known to be(More)
Crotonobetaine reductase from Escherichia coli is composed of two proteins (component I (CI) and component II (CII)). CI has been purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from a cell-free extract of E. coli O44 K74. The purified protein shows l(-)-carnitine dehydratase activity and its N-terminal amino acid sequence is identical to the caiB gene product from(More)