Learn More
The lyriform slit-sense organ on the patella of the spider, Cupiennius salei, consists of seven or eight slits, with each slit innervated by a pair of mechanically sensitive neurons. Mechanotransduction is believed to occur at the tips of the dendrites, which are surrounded by a Na+-rich receptor lymph. We studied the ionic basis of sensory transduction in(More)
 Pseudorandom white-noise stimulation followed by direct spectral estimation was used to obtain linear frequency response and coherence functions from paired, but dynamically different, spider mechanosensory neurons. The dynamic properties of the two neuron types were similar with either mechanical or electrical stimulation, showing that action potential(More)
We studied the properties of voltage-activated outward currents in two types of spider cuticular mechanoreceptor neurons to learn if these currents contribute to the differences in their adaptation properties. Both types of neurons adapt rapidly to sustained stimuli, but type A neurons usually only fire one or two action potentials, whereas type B neurons(More)
Octopamine is a chemical relative of noradrenaline providing analogous neurohumoral control of diverse invertebrate physiological processes. There is also evidence for direct octopaminergic innervation of some insect peripheral tissues. Here, we show that spider peripheral mechanoreceptors are innervated by octopamine-containing efferents. The(More)
The mechanosensory organs of arachnids receive diverse peripheral inputs. Little is known about the origin, distribution, and function of these chemical synapses, which we examined in lyriform slit sense organ VS-3 of the spider Cupiennius salei. The cuticular slits of this organ are each associated with two large bipolar mechanosensory neurons with(More)
Previous work has suggested that the activation energy of mechanotransduction is higher than expected from the simple electrochemistry of ion channels, but the temperature sensitivity of mechanically activated receptor current has not been measured directly before. We used the single-electrode voltage-clamp technique to measure receptor currents in sensory(More)
Panek I, Höger U, French AS, Torkkeli PH. Contributions of voltageand Ca -activated conductances to GABA-induced depolarization in spider mechanosensory neurons. J Neurophysiol 99: 1596–1606, 2008. First published January 23, 2008; doi:10.1152/jn.01267.2007. Activation of ionotropic -aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors depolarizes neurons that have(More)
Noise analysis was used to estimate the single-channel conductance and number of channels responsible for the mechanically-activated current in the sensory neurons of a spider mechanoreceptor organ. External slits of the VS-3 slit-sense organ in the patellar cuticle of Cupiennius salei were moved with a piezoelectric stimulator while glass microelectrodes(More)
Peripherally located parts of spider mechanosensory neurons are modulated by several neurotransmitters released from apposed efferent fibers. Activities of acetylcholine (ACh) synthesizing enzyme choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and ACh degrading enzyme acetylcholine esterase (AChE) were previously found in some efferent fibers. ChAT activity was also(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor activation inhibits many primary afferent neurons by depolarization and increased membrane conductance. Deterministic (step and sinusoidal) functions are commonly used as stimuli to test such inhibition. We found that when the VS-3 mechanosensory neurons innervating the spider lyriform slit-sense organ were(More)