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To characterize the features of JAK/STAT signaling in Drosophila immune response, we have identified totA as a gene that is regulated by the JAK/STAT pathway in response to septic injury. We show that septic injury triggers the hemocyte-specific expression of upd3, a gene encoding a novel Upd-like cytokine that is necessary for the JAK/STAT-dependent(More)
A new member of the Rel family of transcription factors, the dorsal-related immunity factor, Dif, was recently cloned and suggested to be involved in regulating the immune response in Drosophila. Despite its classification as a Rel family member, the Dif cDNA-encoded product has not been proven previously to be a transcription factor. We now present(More)
The GATA motif is a well known positive cis -regulatory element in vertebrates. In this work we report experimental evidence for the direct participation of a GATA motif in the expression of the Drosophila antibacterial peptide gene Cecropin A1 . Previously we have shown that a kappaB-like site is necessary for Cecropin A1 gene expression. Here we present(More)
We report the cloning and characterization of a Drosophila proteasome 11 S REGgamma (PA28) homolog. The 28-kDa protein shows 47% identity to the human REGgamma and strongly enhances the trypsin-like activities of both Drosophila and mammalian 20 S proteasomes. Surprisingly, the Drosophila REG was found to inhibit the proteasome's chymotrypsin-like activity(More)
Insects possess a powerful immune system, which in response to infection leads to a vast production of different antimicrobial peptides. The regulatory regions of many immunity genes contain a GATA motif in proximity to a kappaB motif. Upon infection, Rel proteins enter the nucleus and activate transcription of the immunity genes. High levels of Rel(More)
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