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In order to compare subarachnoid (spinal) and epidural block for caesarean section, 40 women were randomly allocated to spinal or epidural analgesia with bupivacaine. The median dose of bupivacaine was 13 mg in the spinal group versus 155 mg in the epidural group. The mean time from induction to delivery was 32 min shorter in the spinal group (P less than(More)
Lornoxicam is a new non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug of the oxicam class. This randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled trial compared the analgesic efficacy and tolerability of intramuscular (IM) injections of lornoxicam (4, 8, 16 and 20 mg) with morphine (10 and 20 mg) and placebo in 252 patients with mainly moderate to severe pain following(More)
BACKGROUND Central neuraxial blocks (CNBs) for surgery and analgesia are an important part of anaesthesia practice in the Nordic countries. More active thromboprophylaxis with potent antihaemostatic drugs has increased the risk of bleeding into the spinal canal. National guidelines for minimizing this risk in patients who benefit from such blocks vary in(More)
The highlights and achievements of 40 years of potato research in agronomy; genetics, breeding and varietal assessment; physiology; pathology (including nematology); virology; engineering; and utilization are reviewed and the prospects for new developments are analysed. In all disciplines progress has been impressive and has changed the potato industry(More)
A new neuromuscular transmission monitor based on measurement of acceleration is presented. The monitor consists of an acceleration transducer, i.e. a piezo-electric ceramic wafer with an electrode on each side, and a stimulation and computing unit. The transducer can be fastened to the thumb, and when the finger is moved in response to nerve stimulation a(More)
The authors conducted a randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the usefulness of perioperative manual evaluation of the response to train-of-four (TOF) nerve stimulation. A total of 80 patients were divided into four groups of 20 each. For two groups (one given vecuronium and one pancuronium), the anesthetists assessed the degree of neuromuscular(More)
Train-of-four (TOF) monitoring of neuromuscular block at submaximal current stimulation has been recommended because it is less painful than monitoring at supramaximal stimulation. The measurement error, however, when using submaximal stimulation has not as yet been fully elucidated. The authors therefore quantified the measurement error of TOF monitoring(More)
Pathogenetical factors possibly responsible for recurrence of nontoxic goitre in a nonendemic area are evaluated. A group of 22 female patients admitted for surgical treatment of recurrent nontoxic goitre was compared with a control group of 86 female nontoxic goitrous patients not operated upon before. Preoperative serum baseline thyrotrophin levels in the(More)
AIMS It has been assumed that both plasma cholinesterase (EC and oxidative enzymes are needed for optimum formation of the bronchodilator terbutaline from its biscarbamate prodrug bambuterol. The present study aimed at investigating the fate of bambuterol in subjects with deficient plasma cholinesterase but with normal oxidative (CYP2D6)(More)
Two data sets are presented to identify the effect of growth location and origin of parental plant on anthocyanidin concentrations in Vaccinium myrtillus fruits. Bilberries were collected from wild populations growing at different latitudes and from cultivated plants originating from different geographical locations but grown in the same location for over(More)