Learn More
Support vector machine (SVM) and artificial neural network (ANN) systems were applied to a drug/nondrug classification problem as an example of binary decision problems in early-phase virtual compound filtering and screening. The results indicate that solutions obtained by SVM training seem to be more robust with a smaller standard error compared to ANN(More)
Ever since the first automated de novo design techniques were conceived only 15 years ago, the computer-based design of hit and lead structure candidates has emerged as a complementary approach to high-throughput screening. Although many challenges remain, de novo design supports drug discovery projects by generating novel pharmaceutically active agents(More)
It is demonstrated that the fragmentation of druglike molecules by applying simplistic pseudo-retrosynthesis results in a stock of chemically meaningful building blocks for de novo molecule generation. A stochastic search algorithm in conjunction with ligand-based similarity scoring (Flux: fragment-based ligand builder reaxions) facilitated the generation(More)
A virtual screening method is presented that is grounded on a receptor-derived pharmacophore model termed "virtual ligand" or "pseudo-ligand". The model represents an idealized constellation of potential ligand sites that interact with residues of the binding pocket. For rapid virtual screening of compound libraries the potential pharmacophore points of the(More)
Principles of fragment-based molecular design are presented and discussed in the context of de novo drug design. The underlying idea is to dissect known drug molecules in fragments by straightforward pseudo-retro-synthesis. The resulting building blocks are then used for automated assembly of new molecules. A particular question has been whether this(More)
Correlation vector methods were tested for their usefulness in ligand-based virtual screening. Three molecular descriptors--two based on potential pharmacophore points and one on partial atom charges--and three similarity measures--the Manhattan distance, the Euclidian distance and the Tanimoto coefficient--were compared. The alignment-free descriptors seem(More)
We implemented a fragment-based de novo design algorithm for a population-based optimization of molecular structures. The concept is grounded on an evolution strategy with mutation and crossover operators for structure breeding. Molecular building blocks were obtained from the pseudo-retrosynthesis of a collection of pharmacologically active compounds(More)
We have developed a Java library for substructure matching that features easy-to-read syntax and extensibility. This molecular query language (MQL) is grounded on a context-free grammar, which allows for straightforward modification and extension. The formal description of MQL is provided in this paper. Molecule primitives are atoms, bonds, properties,(More)