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Total and visceral adipose-tissue (AT) volumes were determined by computed tomography (CT) by a multiscan technique in 17 men and 10 women with a wide range of body weights. In these primary materials, weight, height, and various diameters, circumferences, and subcutaneous AT thicknesses of the trunk were examined for their relationships to CT-determined(More)
Eight healthy female volunteers with weights ranging from 46 to 119 kg were examined with a Philips Tomoscan 310 in order to determine the amount of adipose tissue. From analysis of 'attenuation profiles' at the thigh and trunk levels the attenuation interval of adipose tissue was determined to be -190 HU to -30 HU. The adipose tissue volume was calculated(More)
Fifty-one percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsies guided by selective angiography and 57 by percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) were performed in 88 patients. Fifty-two of the patients had a tumor localized to the pancreas and 19 a tumor of the extrahepatic biliary tract. In 17 patients the suspicion of neoplasia was possible to rule out.(More)
Sixty-four consecutive patients with disseminated midgut carcinoids were treated during an 8-year period according to a single clinical protocol aimed at aggressive tumor reduction by surgery alone or with subsequent hepatic artery embolization. All patients had markedly elevated urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels (581 +/- 79 micromol/24 h)(More)
Liver metastases imply a major problem in patients with carcinoid tumors. Patients with localized disease should always undergo resection for cure. Patients with distant metastatic disease can also undergo resection for potential cure or symptom palliation because of the slow growth rate of many carcinoid tumors. In patients with the midgut carcinoid(More)
Seventeen healthy male volunteers with weights ranging from 54 to 145 kg were examined with a Philips Tomoscan 310. The upper attenuation limit of adipose tissue was determined to be -30 HU. The lower attenuation limit was set to -190 HU. Regional and total adipose tissue volumes were calculated from the adipose tissue areas of 22 scans and from the(More)
Smoking is a risk factor for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but there are no good indicators for early identification of subjects who will develop symptomatic COPD. The aim of this study was to investigate inflammatory mechanisms related to changes in lung function and emphysematous changes on high resolution computed tomography(More)
We aimed to study the occurrence of emphysematous lesions in symptom free smoking men of about 60 years of age and in a matching group of never-smoking men and the relationship between pulmonary changes at high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and lung function tests. Our investigation included 57 smoking and 32 never-smoking healthy men from a(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate whether emphysematous lesions and other high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings considered associated with smoking are part of a progressive process, and to measure the extent to which similar changes are found in never-smokers. MATERIAL AND METHODS Healthy smokers and never-smokers were recruited from a randomized(More)
An accurate and fully automatic method for detecting and quantifying emphysema in CT-images is presented. The method is based on an image preprocessing step followed by a neural network classifier trained to separate true emphysema from artifacts. The proposed approach is shown to be superior to an established method when applied on real patient data.