Ulf Skoglund

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A specific premessenger ribonucleoprotein (RNP) particle in the salivary glands of the dipteran Chironomus tentans was studied with electron microscope tomography during translocation from the cell nucleus to the cytoplasm. The RNP particle consists of a thin RNP fiber tightly folded into a ribbon, which is bent into a ring-like structure. Upon(More)
Electron microscope tomography has been used to refine the structural analysis of individual RNP particles synthesized on Balbiani ring genes in Chironomus tentans. The spherical particles have a diameter of 500 A and are composed of a thick RNP ribbon bent into an asymmetrical, four-domain, ring-like configuration. The first domain, containing the 5' end(More)
The transport of Balbiani ring (BR) premessenger RNP particles in the larval salivary gland cells of the dipteran Chironomus tentans can be followed using electron microscopy. A BR RNP particle consists of an RNP ribbon bent into a ringlike structure. Upon translocation through the nuclear pore complex (NPC), the ribbon is straightened and enters the(More)
The highly ordered central region of the synaptonemal complex (SC) in Blaps cribrosa has recently been studied by electron microscope tomography (EMT), and a simple three-dimensional model presented. Using the same experimental approach we have now compared the central region in Blaps with the central regions in Drosophila melanogaster and rat. In all three(More)
The growth and maturation of the transcription products on the Balbiani ring (BR) genes in Chironomus tentans has been characterized by electron microscopy. The BR transcript is packed into a series of well defined ribonucleoprotein structures of increasing complexity: a 10 nm fiber, a 19 nm fiber, a 26 nm fiber, and a 50 nm granule. The basic 10 nm element(More)
Structures in situ of individual ribosomes in E. coli have been determined by computer-aided electron microscope tomography using a tilt series of positively stained embedded cellular sections. Amino acid starvation of a bacterial culture, causing a deficiency for aminoacyl-tRNA, induces a spatial separation between the ribosomal subunits compared with(More)
We have developed a least-squares refinement procedure that in an automated way performs three-dimensional alignment and averaging of objects from multiple reconstructions. The computer implementation aligns the three-dimensional structures by a two-step procedure that maximizes the density overlap for all objects. First, an initial average density is built(More)
Caveolin plays an essential role in the formation of characteristic surface pits, caveolae, which cover the surface of many animal cells. The fundamental principles of caveola formation are only slowly emerging. Here we show that caveolin expression in a prokaryotic host lacking any intracellular membrane system drives the formation of cytoplasmic vesicles(More)
Balbiani ring granules are premessenger RNP particles synthesized in the larval salivary glands of the dipteran Chironomus tentans and containing the genetic information for large-sized secretory proteins. The granules in the nucleoplasm consist of a thin elementary RNP fiber tightly packed into an RNP ribbon, which is bent into a ring-like shape. When the(More)
The source of constriction required for division of a bacterial cell remains enigmatic. FtsZ is widely believed to be a key player, because in vitro experiments indicate that it can deform liposomes when membrane tethered. However in vivo evidence for such a role has remained elusive as it has been challenging to distinguish the contribution of FtsZ from(More)