Ulf Sibelius

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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Free oxygen radicals have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disorders. Therefore, we aimed to test the hypothesis that increased oxidative stress constitutes one underlying mechanism for the connection between OSA and cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND Simvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, has been shown to lower serum cholesterol levels in clinical use. Moreover, statins exert beneficial effects in vascular diseases by inhibition of leukocyte rolling, adherence, and transmigration. The aim of this study was to determine if pretreatment with simvastatin(More)
Among the anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), those targeting proteinase 3 (PR3) have a high specificity for Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). It is known that a preceding priming of neutrophils with cytokines is a prerequisite for membrane surface expression of PR3, which is then accessible to autoantibody binding. Employing a monoclonal antibody(More)
OBJECTIVE In sepsis, Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria provoke similar inflammatory processes. Whereas lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are acknowledged as the principal immunostimulatory components of Gram-negative bacteria, the effect of the Gram-positive cell wall component lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is less well characterized. In the present study, we(More)
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) targeting proteinase 3 (PR3) possess a high sensitivity and specificity for Wegener's granulomatosis. Due to their capacity of directly activating neutrophils, a pathogenetic role for these autoantibodies has been proposed. We investigated the impact of subthreshold concentrations of monoclonal anti-PR3(More)
Escherichia coli hemolysin (Hly) is a proteinaceous pore-forming exotoxin that probably represents a significant virulence factor in E. coli infections. We investigated its influence on human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN), previously identified as highly susceptible targets. Hly provoked rapid secretion of elastase and myeloperoxidase, generation of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of a conventional omega-6 lipid infusion and a fish oil based (omega-3) lipid infusion for parenteral nutrition on neutrophil function, lipid mediators, and plasma free fatty acids. DESIGN AND SETTING Open-label, randomized, pilot study in a university hospital medical intensive care unit and experimental laboratory. (More)
Escherichia coli hemolysin (HlyA) and Staphylococcus aureus alpha-toxin are membrane-perturbating bacterial exotoxins that have been implicated as significant virulence factors in human diseases. We investigated the capacity of these toxins to cause cell activation and mediator release in human endothelial cells, compared with the efficacies of thrombin and(More)
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a hazardous complication of transfusion and has become the leading cause of transfusion-related death in the United States and United Kingdom. Although leukoagglutinating antibodies have been frequently shown to be associated with the syndrome, the mechanism by which they induce TRALI is poorly understood.(More)
BACKGROUND Although endotoxin (lipopolysaccharides, LPS) is recognized as a mediator of septic cardiodepression, its cardiac effects are still not fully elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS Perfusion of isolated rat hearts with LPS for 180 minutes resulted in a decline of left ventricular contractility after 90 minutes, whereas coronary perfusion pressure(More)