Ulf R. Nilsson

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Immunocomplexes (IC) in serum were analyzed in 54 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from ruptured arterial aneurysms. A previous study had shown that patients with SAH and vasospasm had a significantly higher incidence of ICs in the blood than patients without vasospasm. The aim of the present study was to study how the IC content varied with time(More)
Simplified hemolytic assays for the classical (CP) and alternative (AP) pathways of complement (C) were developed. The CP function was tested with sensitized sheep erythrocytes in a diluent containing Ca2+ and Mg2+, while AP was tested with unsensitized rabbit erythrocytes in a diluent containing Mg2+-EGTA. In contrast to the commonly used hemolytic(More)
Contact between blood and a biomaterial surface induces an immediate complement-mediated inflammatory response. Under these conditions, the alternative pathway of complement is often initiated and amplified on the biomaterial surface. Adsorption of a protein such as C3 to a polymer surface induces conformational changes in the protein. Based on the(More)
We studied monocyte function in a case of malakoplakia in an attempt to characterize the immune defect in this condition. Our patient's intracellular cyclic-GMP levels were abnormally low (mean +/- S.D. of 0.17 +/- 0.05 pmol per 10(7) malakoplakia cells, versus 0.79 +/- 0.12 in normals) p less than 0.001). After phagocytosis, his monocytes failed to release(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the incompletely understood mechanisms of complement (C) activation and binding on artificial biomaterials. Polystyrene in the form of microtitre plates was used as target for C binding, detectable by ELISA using monoclonal anti-C3 antibodies specific for conformational epitopes expressed by bound C3 and C3 fragments.(More)
The influence of soluble recombinant CR1 (sCR1) on complement activation, and its indirect effects on the coagulation system and cellular responses were assessed in two models for the study of blood/surface and blood/air interactions, as are encountered in e.g. cardiopulmonary bypass circuits. The concentrations of C3a and sC5b-9 and the amount of bound(More)
The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) phenomenon is utilized in a number of new real time biosensors. In this study, we have used this technique to study interactions between the central complement component C3b and its multiple ligands by using the Biacore equipment. The SPR technique is particularly suitable for analysis of the alternative complement(More)
We describe here a model for the study of blood/surface and blood/air interaction as encountered in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuits. Polyethylene tubing was filled with serum or blood and closed end to end into loops whereby the volume of the remaining air bubble was inversely varied with respect to that of the fluid. The loops were rotated vertically(More)
The factor I-mediated cleavage of C3b, using factor H as a cofactor was completely inhibited by diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) when factor I and C3b were incubated with DFP before the addition of factor H. Inhibition, although to a lesser degree, was observed when factor H was present during DFP-exposure. No inhibition in factor I activity was seen when(More)
Complement activation by bound IgG in serum at physiological concentrations is reflected in the deposition of C3b/iC3b in the absence of antigenic expression of the IgG or of any bound C1q on the target. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional requirements for this phenomenon and to establish its relationship to a release or concealment of(More)