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After oral administration of the organic calcium channel blocker diltiazem to guinea pigs for 7 days, calcium ions were precipitated with potassium antimonate in the cochleae. The spatial distribution of the precipitates was studied by energy-filtering transmission electron microscopy and the amount of the ultrastructural reaction products formed was(More)
OBJECTIVES Noise-induced hearing loss can be caused, among other causes, by increased nitric oxide (NO) production in the inner ear leading to nitroactive stress and cell destruction. Some studies in the literature suggest that the degree of hearing loss (HL) could be reduced in an animal model through ascorbic acid supplementation. To identify the effect(More)
Cations were precipitated with potassium antimonate in the cochlea of the guinea pig and the distribution of the formed precipitates was studied by electron microscopy. The precipitate density in different cells of the organ of Corti was determined on electron micrographs by counting numbers of precipitates per unit area. The spatial distribution of the(More)
BACKGROUND Histamine has a short-term, transient, stimulating effect on endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity; however, long-term effects on eNOS have not been described yet. In addition, the vascular effect of histamine seems to depend critically on eNOS functionality. Therefore, we studied the effects of histamine on eNOS gene expression and(More)
Cells of the unicellular cyanobacteriumGloeothece sp. PCC 6909 are surrounded by an inner (enclosing 1–2 cells) and an outer (enclosing cell groups) sheath. Using conventional Epon-embedding in combination with ruthenium-red staining, the inner and outer sheaths appeared similar and displayed multiple bands of electron-dense subunits. However, embedding in(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Gentamicin application is an important therapeutic option for Ménière's disease. However, even if given at intervals, a destruction of the cochlea was often observed in various animal models together with an increased content of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species. The present study was undertaken to identify the correlation(More)
The cyclooxygenase-2 isoform (COX-2) was found recently to be constitutively expressed in the guinea pig inner ear. To gain knowledge about its role in sound perception, alterations in the COX-2 level of moderate noise-stimulated cochleae were determined. Staining intensities were quantified in different regions using an immunohistochemical staining(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a signaling molecule which can generally be formed by three nitric oxide synthases (NOS). Two of them, the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and the neural nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), are calcium/calmodulin-dependent and constitutively expressed in many cell types. Both isoforms are found in the vertebrate cochlea. The(More)
Recently, the two Ca2+/calmodulin-regulated nitric oxide synthase isoforms, nNOS and eNOS, and NO itself have been identified in the cochlea of vertebrates using specific antibodies and a new fluorescence indicator. In order to acquire more information about the quantitative and spatial distribution of these two constitutively expressed NOS isoforms (cNOS)(More)
Single-shot transtympanic gentamicin therapy has become a popular treatment modality for Meniere’s disease despite the known possible ototoxic properties of this drug. It was shown recently that NO production and iNOS were upregulated after gentamicin application, which was interpreted as a possible effect of ototoxicity. In this study we analyzed the(More)