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SNARE proteins mediate membrane fusion in the secretory pathway of eukaryotic cells. Genetic deletion and siRNA-based knockdown have been instrumental in assigning given SNAREs to defined intracellular transport steps. However, SNARE depletion occasionally results in barely detectable phenotypes. To understand how cells cope with SNARE loss, we have knocked(More)
Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment receptor (SNARE) proteins mediate organelle fusion in the secretory pathway. Different fusion steps are catalyzed by specific sets of SNARE proteins. Here we have used the SNAREs mediating the fusion of early endosomes and exocytosis, respectively, to investigate how pairing specificity is achieved.(More)
CD70 is a TNF-related transmembrane molecule expressed by mature dendritic cells (DCs), which present antigens to T cells via major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. In DCs, CD70 localizes with MHC class II molecules in late endosomal vesicles, known as MHC class II compartments (MIICs). MIICs are transported to the immune synapse when a DC(More)
In the plasma membrane, membrane proteins are frequently organized in microdomains that are stabilized both by protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions, with the membrane lipid cholesterol being instrumental for microdomain stability. However, it is unclear whether such microdomains persist during endocytotic membrane trafficking. We used stimulated(More)
Docking and fusion of transport vesicles constitute elementary steps in intracellular membrane traffic. While docking is thought to be initiated by Rab-effector complexes, fusion is mediated by SNARE (N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor [NSF] attachment receptor) proteins. However, it has been recently debated whether SNAREs also play a role in the(More)
The extracellular part of transmembrane segment V (TM-V) is expected to be involved in the activation process of 7TM receptors, but its role is far from clear. Here, we study the highly constitutively active CXC-chemokine receptor encoded by human herpesvirus 8 (ORF74-HHV8), in which a metal ion site was introduced at the extracellular end of TM-V by(More)
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