Uldis N. Streips

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Members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins control the cellular commitment to apoptosis, although their role in Fas-induced apoptosis is ill-defined. In this report we demonstrate that activation of the Fas receptor present on a human breast epithelial cell line resulted in a conformational change in the N terminus of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax. This(More)
Cell wall assembly was studied in autolysin-deficient and -sufficient strains of Bacillus subtilis. Two independent probes, one for peptidoglycan and the other for surface-accessible teichoic acid, were employed to monitor cell surface changes during growth. Cell walls were specifically labeled with N-acetyl-D-[3H]glucosamine, and after growth,(More)
Lysis of exponential cultures of B. subtilis follows the addition of reagents that dissipate either the electrical or pH gradients of cellular membranes. Stationary-phase cells or cultures that have been inhibited in division by macromolecular-synthesis inhibitors also lyse when uncoupling agents or ionophores are added to the growth medium. Autolysis(More)
Deoxyribonucleic acid is released into the growth medium by Bacillus subtilis at the time of competence. This DNA is enriched for the genetic markers which have previously been demonstrated to be elevated in membrane-DNA preparations and more recently in cell wall-DNA complexes. Furthermore, the purA16/leu-8 relative marker enrichment varies with time,(More)
Bacillus subtilis 168 has been found to possess a high-affinity transport system for N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAC). The Km for uptake was approximately 3.7 microM GlcNAc, regardless of the nutritional background of the cells. Apparent increases in Vmax were noted when the bacteria were grown in the presence of GlcNAc. The uptake of GlcNAc by B. subtilis(More)
Ligation of the Fas cell surface receptor leads to activation of caspases and subsequent apoptosis. Members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins control the cellular commitment to apoptosis, although their role in Fas-induced apoptosis is ill-defined. In this report we demonstrate that the pro-apoptotic protein, Bax, translocates from the cytosol specifically to(More)
The major heat shock proteins of Staphylococcus aureus had apparent Mrs of 84,000, 76,000, and 60,000, and other prominent proteins of Mrs 66,000, 51,000, 43,000 and 24,000 were also induced. Staphylococcus epidermidis showed a similar response. These proteins were also induced by CdCl2, ethanol and apparently osmotic stress (1.71 M NaCl or 2.25 M sucrose).(More)
The use of equilibrium dialysis techniques established that isolated cell walls of Bacillus subtilis possess selective affinities for several cations. The binding of these cations to the cell wall was influenced by the presence of various functional groups in the peptidoglycan matrix. Selective chemical modification of the free carboxyl and amino groups(More)
Several procedures were used in an attempt to prepare clean cell walls from Bacillus subtilis. The results indicate that protein and nucleic acids are tightly bound to the walls. The cleanest wall preparations were found following trichloroacetic acid extraction at 60 degrees or by extraction with 0.1N NaOH under a nitrogen atmosphere for 10 hrs. Protein(More)