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AIMS Mortality and ventricular arrhythmias are reduced in patients responding to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). This response is accompanied by improvement in LVEF, and some patients even outgrow original eligibility criteria for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation. It is however unclear if these patients still benefit from(More)
OBJECTIVE The influence of diabetes on cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) remains unclear. The aims of the current study were to 1) assess the changes in left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function and 2) evaluate long-term prognosis in CRT recipients with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 710 CRT recipients (171 with(More)
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the prognostic implications of myocardial tissue heterogeneity assessed with two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography in patients three months after first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35 %. For this purpose, a total of 79 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Differences in arrhythmogenic substrate may explain the variable efficacy of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in primary sudden cardiac death prevention over time after myocardial infarction (MI). Speckle-tracking echocardiography allows the assessment left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony, which may reflect the electromechanical(More)
OBJECTIVES Right ventricular (RV) function is an important prognostic marker in heart failure. However, its impact on all-cause mortality following cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) independent of confounding factors has not been evaluated. Furthermore, evidence concerning the effect of CRT on RV function is limited. The study's aims were to: (1)(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess differences in clinical outcome of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) treatment in men and women. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING University Medical Center. PATIENTS 1946 primary prevention ICD recipients (1528 (79%) men and 418 (21%) women). Patients with congenital heart disease were excluded for this analysis.(More)
BACKGROUND Although data on the mode of death of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) patients have been examined in randomized clinical trials, in routine clinical practice data are scarce. To provide reasonable expectations and prognosis for patients and physicians, this study(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical or echocardiographic mid-term responses to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) may have a different influence on a long-term prognosis of heart failure patients treated with CRT. The aim of the evaluation was to establish which definition of response to CRT, clinical or echocardiographic, best predicts long-term prognosis. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between changes in N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and echocardiographic or clinical definitions of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has not been evaluated. The aims of the present evaluation were to assess: (1) the relationship between changes in NT-proBNP after 6 months of CRT and(More)
BACKGROUND Although the presence of an RV lead is a potential cause of tricuspid regurgitation (TR), the clinical impact of significant lead-induced TR is unknown. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of significant lead-induced TR on cardiac performance and long-term outcome after cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) or pacemaker implantation. METHODS A(More)